Smithsonian Freer Gallery Sackler Gallery National Museum of Asian Art Gallery Guide Arts of the Islamic World
IntroductioncalligraphyAbstract DesignArts of the Bookpage 1page 2page 3The Art of the Object

From the late fifteenth century, artists in Iran, India, and Turkey also created drawings and paintings that were independent from a specific text. No longer bound by the strictures of the written word, artists relied for their subject on direct observation, poetic imagery, and their own imagination or a combination of these different sources. The compositions were often paired with samples of poetry and gathered in elegantly produced albums (muraqqa').
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Two Fettered Demons

Lady with a fan

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