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Pectoral amulet depicting the god Anubis
ca. 1539-1190 B.C.E.

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18 or 19

Faience (glazed composition)
H: 6.6 W: 8.6 D: 0.8 cm
Egypt

Gift of Charles Lang Freer F1907.152

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The central design of this amulet consists of a pair of jackals facing each other, each seated atop a shrine. The jackals represent Anubis, the ancient Egyptian god of embalming, who was also the guardian of the cemetery. Above and behind each jackal are hieroglyphs giving two of the common epithets of Anubis: "Anubis who is embalmer," and "Anubis who is before the god’s place of embalming." The amulet itself is in the form of a shrine, and is pierced for suspending on a cord. Since the jackals represent Anubis, the god of mummification, this pectoral is a purely funerary type of amulet. It would have been placed on the chest of the mummy to ensure its safe passage into the next life.