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proper left: Ivory Throne Leg proper right: Ivory Throne Leg back: Ivory Throne Leg

Ivory Throne Leg

Throne leg
Historical period(s)
Eastern Ganga dynasty, 13th century
34.9 x 15.7 x 13.1 cm
India, Orissa
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
Since at least the second century, Indian sculptors created ivory thrones to proclaim royal command. On this splendidly carved throne leg, a gajasimha—a mythical creature combining the strength of an elephant (gaja) and a lion (simha)—calmly dispatches the demonic warrior dangling from its trunk. The sculptor contrasted the forceful curves and broad smooth surfaces of the elephant-lion with an intricately realized mountain landscape. Archers and wildlife gambol through its crags, while a hermit meditates and a lion slumbers.

To 1907
Spink and Company, London, to 1907 [1]

From 1907 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Spink and Company in 1907 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 933, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Former owner
C.L. Freer source: Spink & Co.
On View Location
Freer, Gallery 02: Arts of the Indian Subcontinent and the Himalayas
Furniture and Furnishing
Eastern Ganga dynasty (700 - 1299), elephant, hermit, India, lion
Collection(s) Area
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

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