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folios 104-105: Washington Manuscript IV -  The Epistles of Paul (Codex Washingtonensis)

Washington Manuscript IV - The Epistles of Paul (Codex Washingtonensis)

Manuscript fragment
Historical period(s)
6th century
Ink on parchment
H x W: 16 x 10.5 cm (6 5/16 x 4 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
The Epistles of Paul (fragmentary): eighty four leaves with legible writing plus 168 fragments; stored in separate envelopes. Upright, square uncial script in brown ink; traces of additions of red ink in titles; one column to a page.

Sometimes called Codex Freerianus, this manuscript was acquired in a much-decayed condition; much of the text had been lost. Because the surviving sections are numbered, it has been determined that the complete manuscript had between two hundred eight and two hundred twelve pages-more than necessary for the Epistles of Paul. This suggests the codex also originally contained the Acts of the Apostles and the catholic epistles (those intended for Christians in general rather than a specific congregation).

To 1906
Ali Arabi, Giza, Egypt, to 1906 [1]

From 1906 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ali Arabi in Giza, Egypt, on December 19, 1906 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, Biblical Mss. Section, S.I. 1468, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Former owner
Ali Arabi (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
On View Location
Currently not on view
Christianity, Egypt, New Testament
Collection(s) Area
Biblical Manuscripts
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is closed for renovation and reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Join us for our reopening celebration on October 14–15, 2017.