View right to left
: Garden

print state: 1587


Artist: James McNeill Whistler (United States, 1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
Etching on paper
H x W (overall): 30.3 x 23.7 cm (11 15/16 x 9 5/16 in)
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
As a young artist, Whistler generally wiped the surface of his printing plates clean before pulling them through the press, creating impressions that clearly revealed his meticulous line work. In the 1870s, Whistler began to experiment with different ways of inking his plates, often leaving excess ink on the surface of the plate in order to create subtle tonal effects such as the shadow covering the canal in the foreground of Garden. By 1880, Whistler had become a master printer. He could make remarkably different impressions of a print by varying the wiping of his plate, the paper he printed on, or the color and viscosity of his inks.

To 1887
M. Knoedler & Co., New York, New York. [1]

From 1887 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from M. Knoedler & Co., New York, New York in 1887. [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer. [3]


[1] See Bill of Sale dated November 11, 1887 in the Charles Lang Freer Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. At the time of this sale, M. Knoedler & Co. was located in New York City, later the gallery opened branches in London and Paris. See also Curatorial Remark 6 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery of Art.

Former owner
M. Knoedler & Co. (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
On View Location
Currently not on view
architecture, city, etching, garden, United States
Collection(s) Area
American Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

We are excited to reopen the Freer on October 7, 2017, following a renovation to allow us to better present our art and serve our visitors.
The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.