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Archaeological Sites: Pasargadae

Pasargadae. Negative no. 448. Ernst Herzfeld papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

Herzfeld visited Pasargadae in 1905 and conducted a survey there in 1923. He returned for an intensive excavation campaign in 1928. Pasargadae also has been explored by Iranian archaeologist Ali Sami, a British team led by David Stronach, and recently by French and Italian archaeologists. Considered the oldest Achaemenid Persian capital, Pasargadae is home to the tomb of Cyrus the Great (d. 530 BCE) and a series of palaces and gardens. These squeezes mainly are from post-Achaemenid inscriptions, Islamic gravestones around the Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, and a thirteenth-century mihrab in the tomb's interior (see image above). The Freer and Sackler also own fragments of wall paintings discovered in one of the palaces, as well as a selection of shards from the site.


Arabic

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A_32 Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscriptions, from Mirhab of Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1928.

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A_32a Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscriptions, from Mirhab of Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1928.

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A_32b Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscriptions, from Mirhab of Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1928.

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A_32c Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscriptions, from Mirhab of Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1928.

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A_34 Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Decorated Stone Door Fragment with Rosette, from Gate R (Gate House, Palace with the Relief), 1928.

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A_35 Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, in Naskhi Script, from Inner Door Frame of Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_36 Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription of the Atabeg Ruler, Sa'd Ibn Zangi, on Stone Lintel in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_36a Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription of the Atabeg Ruler, Sa'd Ibn Zangi, on Stone Lintel in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_36b Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription of the Atabeg Ruler, Sa'd Ibn Zangi, on Stone Lintel in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_36c Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription of the Atabeg Ruler, Sa'd Ibn Zangi, on Stone Lintel in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_36d Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription of the Atabeg Ruler, Sa'd Ibn Zangi, on Stone Lintel in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923-1928.

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A_37 Excavation of Pasargadae (Iran): Squeeze of Arabic Inscription, on Sarcophagus I, Found in Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, at Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, 1923.
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The Freer is closed for renovation and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.