ALICE IN ASIA: The 1905 Taft Mission to Asia

Alice Roosevelt and William H. Taft in the Philippines
Alice Roosevelt and William H. Taft in the Philippines

ALICE IN ASIA: The 1905 Taft Mission to Asia

As told in Crowded Hours: Reminiscences of Alice Roosevelt Longworth
C. Scribner's Sons; First Edition (1933)

The following text is from Chapters 5 and 6 of Crowded Hours, an autobiography by Alice Roosevelt Longworth (1884–1980). In these chapters, Longworth describes her 1905 travels in the Pacific and Asia as part of a diplomatic delegation of American legislators and private individuals, led by then-Secretary of War William Howard Taft (1857–1930). As the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt, Alice was often the center of public and press attention; she was also given unparalleled access to political leaders and state functions. Her recollections are extremely valuable to our understanding of America's early twentieth-century diplomatic engagement with Asia on a personal level.

Alice Roosevelt Longworth Collection of Photographs from the 1905 Taft Mission to Asia, held by the Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. The collection features an extensive photo album by the mission's official photographer, Burr McIntosh (1862–1942), as well as imperial portraits presented to Alice by the courts of Japan, China, and Korea. All of the photographs were donated to the Freer|Sackler Archives by Alice's granddaughter Joanna Sturm in 2009.

I have added specific dates and location when known. The travel diaries of Richard Hobart, kindly made available by his daughter Mabel Cabot, were particularly useful in retracing the mission. The extremely thorough Japanese itinerary is from the official records of the Archives of the Imperial Household Agency (宮内公文書館) in Tokyo. Those records were transcribed by Tsutsui Yayoi, who has been an invaluable co-researcher in this project.

Many thanks to the volunteers and interns who helped with the research, organization, transcriptions and photograph identifications.

A more thorough presentation of the imperial portraits presented to Alice Roosevelt can be found in a brief essay titled "Imperial Exposures," featured on the Google Cultural Institute website.

- David Hogge, head of Archives, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Galleries, Smithsonian Institution


Washington to San Francisco

June 30 – July 1: Washington to Chicago

“Father and Mother went to Oyster Bay for the summer at the end of June, and a few days later, I left with the Taft party. It was a huge Congressional party, a "junket" if ever there was one. We left from the old Baltimore and Ohio Station that stood on what is now part of the park between the Capitol and the Union Station. Mr. Taft, Colonel Edwards, Major Thompson, Mabel Boardman, Amy McMillan, and I were on the private car, Colonial, attached to the train that carried a major portion of the party. The news of Secretary Hay's death met us the next day in Chicago and was a personal sorrow. Though we had known of his illness, we realized what a loss he would be to Father and half thought that Mr. Taft might have to give up the trip, but Father telegraphed him to keep on, and we pulled out of the barnlike station in Chicago, in the flare and smell of photograph-taking.”

July 1-4: Train to California

“General and Mrs. Wood boarded the train for a moment there. They were just coming back from the Philippines, so to our regret we should not see them in Manila.” “At last we were on our way across the continent. It was the first time I had ever been farther West than the Mississippi, and I had a little Atlas that I used to read as though it were a romance. I would look at it and think I am actually here at this place on the map. Those were the days when Kipling made Empire and far-flung territory dreams to dazzle. Going through the mountains, I would shout to myself, "We lead the iron stallions down to drink through the canyons to the waters of the West." Again, in the words of Kipling, it was "the world so new and all," and I was fairly jumping with excitement and interest. I of the snow-sheds seemed an adventure, as I thought of the stories of trains caught in the huge snow drifts.”

How Alice in Wonderland: First Maiden of Land Will Travel to Orient.

TO CROSS PACIFIC IN FLOATING PALACE — WILL HAVE HER OWN SUITE OF ROOMS ABOARD — LUXURIES OF TRAVEL WHICH SHE AND DISTINGUISHED ATTENDANTS WILL ENJOY — HER FATHER WILL PAY HER EXPENSES — WHAT SHE WILL SEE IN THE WONDERLANDS ACROSS THE PACIFIC — THE STOP AT HONOLULU TO BE WELL SPENT — RECEPTION IN JAPAN — WILL SHE MAKE SPEECH TO EMPRESS AS MR. GRANT HAD TO? — THROUGH THE INLAND SEA-AT HONGKONG — TOUR OF PHILIPPINE WATERS IN A TRANSPORT — THE RETURN TRIP AND ACCOMMODATIONS — HOW EXPENSES OF OTHER TOURISTS WILL BE DIVIDE — REPRESENTATIVE LONGWORTH TO GO ALONG — TROPlCAL ROMANCE ANTICIPATED. © 1905 by John E. Watkins

The newspapers heralded the trip

“Mr. Schwerin, one of Mr. E. H. Harriman's lieutenants, had his car on the train, too, and he lent it to me to give a "ladies lunch" to the Congressional ladies of the party. This idea was suggested by Mr. Taft, who thought it would be well for me at least to seem to have a modicum of interest in the others.” “The last day on the train was the Fourth of July. I got up early in the morning and set off fire-crackers on the back platform and shot my revolver at the telegraph poles. Some of the men left us for the day to go to the Hart-Root prizefight at Reno. There was no question in those days of a woman going to a prize¬fight, and our car was switched off and sent on an hour ahead to give the Secretary time to stop for lunch at a place where there was a row on about whether to bridge or not to bridge some river.”

July 5–8: Berkeley and San Francisco

“We got to San Francisco late that afternoon to spend four days before the steamer sailed. It was San Francisco before the fire—San Francisco of the old Palace Hotel, of the Poodle Dog Restaurant, of the Barbary Coast. I shall never forget those days. There was an exhilarating quality in the air, the place, the people that kept me on my toes every moment of the time there. Adventure seemed just around every corner and I was ready for it. I do not think that I ever slept. Our immediate party stayed at the Palace Hotel. Old Mrs. Eleanor Martin had an evening reception at which we met many San Franciscans, and we went afterwards to Mrs. Oxenard's to play poker; an enterprising game as played by the Californians with a variety of wild hands that we had never heard of before.” “We lunched at the Bohemian Club Grove, where the Bohemian Club, one of the most famous organizations in the country, holds its annual "jinks," in the sun-flecked gloom of the great redwood trees. After lunch in the dining-room, the "ceiling" of which, two hundred feet above us, was the foliage of the trees, we sat in another of the principal "rooms." There in a circle that must have been about one hundred feet in diameter, the towering tree-trunks formed an amphitheatre in the centre of which was the camp-fire. Scattered through the groves were the tents and camps of the members where they spend several weeks every summer. We lunched at Berkeley University with President Benjamin I. Wheeler. One evening I escaped my chaperones for a trip to Chinatown, of which I saw only the fringes. At that time a girl had to go on such an expedition very much on the side.”

July 8: Aboard the Manchuria

“We sailed by the Manchuria on the first leg of our journey on July 8. The Taft party was, I should say, about eighty strong. The six of us who had occupied the Colonial had a table together, with the addition of Nick, the Herbert Parsons, and Senator and Mrs. Newlands of Nevada. Mrs. Newlands was my own particular chaperon and there never was a more charming, sympathetic, and gay one.” “Other Senatorial couples were Mr. and Mrs. Scott of West Virginia and Mr. and Mrs. DuBois of Idaho. Among the Congressmen were the Sereno Paynes, the Grosvenors, Frederick Gillet, Charlie Curtis, Swagar Sherley, Bourke Cockran, a good many more with and without wives and a few other Senators and a certain number of friends of the official members of the party. Sereno Payne, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, was a massive old fellow who looked a little like a Bismarck gone to seed. I became really-attached to him and to little old Santa Claus-bearded General Grosvenor and Mrs. Grosvenor. On that trip, too, my friendship began with Charlie Curtis, later Senator from Kansas and Vice-President. Burr Macintosh was the official photographer. We were all "taken," in big groups, in little groups, and singly, from morning to evening.” “The luggage that I thought necessary for the trip included three large trunks and two equally large hat boxes, as well as a steamer trunk and many bags and boxes. For ordinary day-by-day wear, I had heavy white linen skirts and three-quarter coats and blouses to go with them; embroidered linens and muslins for more dressed-up moments, and a series of bridesmaid's dresses for best. I had been bridesmaid for several cousins and friends that spring and the spring before, and those dresses and their accompanying hats were all put into commission for the trip. There was also an accumulation of dinner dresses, and underclothes were no small item; especially the petticoats with lace and embroidery ruffles that even had small trains. And, of course, there were riding habits, and a special box for my side-saddle. I had things to ride astride in, too, that I finally used to the exclusion of the others. It was a cumbersome paraphernalia, a contrast to the two or three bags which are all I now need for a trip of any length or duration. There was a tremendous amount of changing from one dress to another during that summer, and it was a whole-time job for Anna, the maid who had been with me since we left Albany, to pack and unpack and keep my things in order. I remember she nearly had a nervous breakdown, and for three days while we were at Manila was sent to take a sort of rest cure on the Government Transport;. during which time Brooks, the colored messenger from the War Department who looked after Mr. Taft and his personal belongings, packed and pressed and generally attended to my things for me.” “Though our immediate group kept much together, we became good friends with all the members of the party, which was just as well, as it would have been impossible to avoid contacts for the months that we were thrown together on steamers and transports and at general entertainments whenever we went on shore. I really liked my Congressional fellow voyagers, yet I think I felt it to be my pleasurable duty to stir them up from time to time. One way of so doing was to smoke in their presence. It seems unbelievable, but I do not think that more than one or two other women on that trip smoked, certainly not in public. I had a fat, old-fashioned, gold vanity case and in the compartment intended for hairpins, I kept my cigarettes. The case was always dropping and spilling them out. I think I must have broken at least seven mirrors in as many months, but that is one superstition I have never had.”

Hawaii

July 14 Hawaii

“The five days between San Francisco and Honolulu, sailing into the tropics in the lovely, blazing weather, seeing flying fish for the first time, were enchanting. The morning we reached Honolulu, I was wakened by the plaintive singing voices and musical instruments of the natives who had come out to meet the steamer. It was before Hawaiian tunes and ukeleles had become as hackneyed as they now are. I had never heard anything like it before and felt as if the lotus eaters themselves had come out to greet us. My eyes were open and my head was out of the porthole simultaneously, to see the lovely mass of the island of Oahu lying offside in the early dawn light, mountains and valleys in cloudy green down to the line of the white beach. We rushed through breakfast and landed for a day of hospitalities which are characteristic, I should say, of literally everyone on the islands. The entire population seemed to be on the wharf to meet us and garland us with leis of heavy, perfumed flowers, gardenias and ginger blossoms.” “The entire party was taken charge of by a committee of which Acting-Governor Atkinson was chairman. We first drove in a long procession of carriages to the Pali, the cliff that overlooks the Nuuanu Valley from which one gets a far-flung view of island and ocean. Over a hundred years earlier, Kamehameha I with his army of warriors left the island of Hawaii to conquer Oahu. After making a stand in Nuuanu Valley, the Oahu natives broke and fled up to the Pali where Kamehameha and his force drove hundreds of them over the precipice and hundreds more threw themselves over through fear of the conqueror.” “We raced back down the road to Honolulu to take a special train to see a sugar plantation and refinery. There a rather expurgated Hula was provided for our entertainment. I asked if it were not possible to see a less jeune fille version. The answer was yes, so with a few others, I left the general crowd and saw a dance that undoubtedly was much more like the real thing. Afterwards a song was written that ran as follows: "Alice Roosevelt, she came to Honolulu and she saw the Hula Hula Hula Hai, and I think before she reached the Filipinos, she could dance the Hula Hula Hula Hai." I could and did.” “We were given a luncheon at the Royal Hawaiian Hotel, rooms and lanai decorated with quantities of tropical fruits and flowers. Mr. Taft spoke, and the band, according to what was almost a habit of bands in those days, played, "Alice, where art thou?" It was amusing when it first happened, but the novelty very soon wore off and I developed a pretty fair technique, that conveyed amusement, surprise, and appreciation at the combination of attention and jest. The nice people who did it were always so pleased that they had thought of it. We spent the afternoon swimming and surf-boating. I remember Mr. Taft pleading with photographers not to take photographs of me in my bathing suit. It was considered just a little indelicate, the idea that they might be taken and published. And a bathing suit was a silk or mohair dress, not at all short, high-necked and with sleeves, and, of course, long black stockings! We stayed on the beach at Waikiki until it was time to go back to the steamer. I did not want to leave. I missed the boat at the wharf, as it had to sail at a definite time because of the tides. So, in a launch with Nick, Senator and Mrs. Newlands, and a few others, leis about our necks, regret in our hearts at leaving, I pursued the Manchuria out into the open Pacific.”

July 14 – 23: Sail to Japan

“The ten days' voyage on to Japan went quickly. In the evenings there were pools on the day's run, fancy dress parties, a sheet and pillow-case party, and a mock trial. We were also given informative lectures on the Philippines in order that the party should have some idea of what it was going to inspect. A canvas pool was rigged up on deck in which I and some of the younger people spent much time. It was, I think, on the deck where the freight was put in, and one could stand on the railing of the deck above and let oneself down or jump in. The newspapers made much of a story that I had gone in fully dressed, a story that for once happened to be true. There was really not much difference between swimming in a bathing suit and swimming in a linen skirt and shirt waist, and, of course, I left shoes, watch, and such things that the water would hurt, in the care of onlookers.” “The papers also said that I dared Nick to jump in fully clad with me, which they implied was a dashing, romantic thought. It was Bourke Cockran, not Nick. He was standing on the deck at the railing watching me and had said that it looked so comfortable in the pool that he was tempted to go in just as he was. So I said, "Come along," and after a little argument, in he came. Bourke was a very old friend. I had known him since I was a small child and used to see him at tea at Auntie Bye's in New York. He was impressed oh my early memory from the fact of my having bitten into a piece of extremely spongy sponge cake in which I left a first tooth just as he came into the drawing-room one late afternoon. We were always in an argument of some sort; Bourke, flowery, oratorical, booming along in his delightful Irish voice. Though his sympathies were Irish, he had numerous English friends of high position, who used to stop with him when they came to America. I would say, "You are an Anglo-phobe in public and an Anglomaniac in private," and the battle would be on. His opposition to a large navy —one of his assertions was that New York City could be defended by row boats—used to infuriate me. Yet, going over a battleship, I heard him enthusiastically tell the Captain that "a great battleship was the noblest work of man," whereat I exploded at him about his inconsistent blarney.”

July 24: Along the coast of Japan

Japan

July 25: Arrive at Yokohama

“The shipping in the harbor, the wharves, and many of the buildings were decorated in our honor when we landed in Yokohama. Lloyd Griscom, our Ambassador, and a reception committee met us, and we drove through crowded streets hung with flags and jammed with cheering citizens, brass bands, and hundreds of Japanese banner-bearers to take the train for Tokio.”
  • 04:30 Manchuria arrival at Yokohama (マンチュリア号到着)
  • 06:30 Steam launch with military band of America Friendship Society (米友会派遣ノ軍楽隊ヲ搭載セル小蒸気船)
  • 08:00 Manchuria at port. Welcome by four welcoming committee members, the Governor, and Mayor (投錨 接待員四名、知事、市長 歓迎)
  • 09:10 Steam launch of customs (汽艇 税関監視部前ヨリ上陸 )
  • 09:20 Carriage through Yokohama, citizens acclaim, entering imperial villa for rest (馬車ニテ市民歓呼ノ中 御用邸着 休憩)
  • 09:50 Leave villa, travel to station (御用邸出発 停車場へ)
  • 10:00 Enter train, first class car #7 (発車 (一等車7両借切)
“At all the stations on the way, crowds were on the platforms to shout, Banzai! as we passed. They knew which train to cheer because our engine was fluttering with American and Japanese flags.”
  • 10:56 Arrive at Shinbashi then to hotel (新橋着 宿舎へ)
“At the Tokio station we were met by many officials; Viscount Tanaka, Minister of the Imperial Household; Prince Tokugawa, President of the House of Peers; Admiral Ito, General Sakuma, Baron Hannabusa, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs; Lieutenant-General Ishimoto, Vice-Minister of War; Baron Sange, Governor of the Tokio Prefecture; Mr. Osaki, the Mayor of Tokio, and a number of minor dignitaries. There were also several ladies to meet us, among them Marchioness Oyama, wife of the Field Marshal; Princess Mori, and Princess Iwakura, who presented me with bunches of flowers. On the platform of the station, members of the Taft party were divided into groups and taken to their respective lodgings. I stayed at the Embassy with the Griscoms; Lloyd and Elsa were both old friends, and no people were ever more delightful hosts. Mr. Taft and his personal staff were put up at the Shiba Palace, a big modern frame house, I should say a sort of guest palace, that was originally built for General Grant's reception. That night I dined there with him and some of our Japanese hosts.”
  • 11:20 Arrive at Shiba (芝離宮到着)
  • 13:00 Lunch, Shiba (午餐 芝離宮)
  • 19:30 Dinner, Shiba (晩餐 芝離宮)
  • Fireworks hosted by City of Tokyo (余興 煙火 (仕掛け及び打上げ 東京市寄附

July 26: Tokyo

“The next day, Mr. Taft and his entire party lunched with the Emperor; the Crown-Princess took the place of the Empress who was out of town. An audience was first given by the Emperor to Mr. Taft and me and a few others. We assembled in a large room and then went in one by one to be received by the Crown Princess; then to another room where we made our bows and courtesies and were presented to the Emperor who shook hands and talked to us. There was no language in common. Little was said but banalities through the medium of an interpreter. After that we all went in to lunch, a most formal occasion. The Emperor sat in the middle of a long table with the Crown Princess and another Imperial Princess on either side of him, Mr. Taft, Lloyd Griscom, and I directly opposite. As I recollect, we were seated, two Americans, one Japanese, two Americans, one Japanese, and so on. After lunch, we went through the Imperial Gardens where, so we were told, no foreigners and not many Japanese had been before.”
  • 09:30 Alice Roosevelt, with Miss Boardman and Miss McMillan arrive at Palace. Taft and assistants to Maruki Photography Studio for portraits (ルーズベルト嬢 ボールドマン嬢及ヒ マクミラン嬢の三名来宮シ、タフト氏一行並ニ接待員ト共ニ丸木写真師[i]ニ撮影セシム)
  • 10:50 Entering the Palace (参内)
  • Lunch at the Palace (午餐 宮中)
  • After lunch imperial audience, then return to hotel. (午餐後 吹上御苑参観 終ツテ帰館)
  • 16:00 Taft and 5 assistants visit Palace with Nagasaki, Terashima, Prime Minister Katsura, Minister of War Terauchi, Imperial Household Minister Tanaka (タフト氏外五名長崎寺嶋両接待員陪乗シテ桂総理 (兼臨時外務)大臣、寺内陸軍大臣、田中宮内大臣ヲ官邸ニ訪問)
  • 17:30 Return to Hotel (帰館)
  • 19:30 Evening gathering at Imperial Hotel sponsored by Minister of Foreign Affairs (外務大臣ノ主催ニ係ル帝国ホテルノ晩餐会ニ出席)
  • 22:00 Return to Hotel (帰館)

July 27: Tokyo

“The day after the lunch, the Empress sent me a very fine embroidered screen, a piece of gold cloth embroidered with white chrysanthemums, a lacquer box, and a photograph of herself. On these trips of my youth, gifts seemed to be the rule, and I was filled with greedy delight at getting them—it was such fun. In fact, I was a frankly unashamed pig. I did so love my "loot," as it was called in the family. In Japan I was given, as well as the Imperial presents, costumes and fans and souvenirs of all sorts.”
(한국어)

"오찬이 있은 다음 날, 황후는 매우 아름답게 수놓은 가리개와 흰 국화를 수놓은 금빛 원단, 칠기 상자 그리고 자신의 사진을 보내왔다. 젊은 시절 이런 여행에서 선물은 일종의 규칙인 듯했고 난 선물을 받는 일이 매우 신나고 좋았다. 사실 난 부끄러움을 모르는 돼지 같았다. 가족들이 '전리품'이라고 칭했던 이 선물들을 나는 정말 아꼈다. 일본에선 황후에게서 받은 선물과 더불어 옷과 부채, 각종 기념품을 하사받았다."

(中文)

"有一天午饭后,皇后送给我一面非常精致的绣花条屏、一匹绣着白菊花的金色布料、一个漆盒和一张她自己的照片。在我年轻时候的这些旅行中,礼物似乎是惯例,在得到这些礼物时我的心中总是充满贪婪的喜悦,乐在其中。事实上,我当时就像是恬不知耻的小猪。我实在很喜欢我的‘战利品’,家里人就是这么称呼我的礼物的。在日本,我收到了皇室赐予的礼物、服饰、扇子和各种各样的纪念品。"

(日本語)

「ランチの翌日、皇后は私にとても繊細な刺繍が施された幕、白い菊が刺繍された一枚の金の布、漆細工の箱、そして彼女の写真をお贈りくださいました。若い頃のこれらの旅行では、贈り物は規則であるように思われ、それらをいただくと欲深い喜びに満ちていました。とても楽しかったのです。実際、率直に言って私は恥知らずの欲張りでした。家族の中で使われていた言葉で言えば、自分の「戦利品」を非常に愛していました。日本では、皇室の贈り物に加えて、衣装や扇などあらゆるお土産をいただきました。」

“Of course we shopped, and went to the Tea House of the Hundred Steps, and drank many small cups of green tea and smoked little pipes of Japanese tobacco, about three whiffs to a pipe, but there was very little time to squeeze in anything between official parties, as we were in Tokio not over five days.”
  • 12:00 Lunch at Fushiminomiya Palace (伏見宮邸ニ於ケル午餐会)
  • 15:00 Garden party hosted by American legation (米国公使ノ主催セル園遊会)
“The Griscoms gave a garden party to which were invited all the Americans in Tokio and Yokohama and all the Japanese Government officials above a certain rank; also two pretty young Japanese princesses, Nashimoto and Higashi-Fushimi—pretty even in occidental dress. A matting was placed for them to stand on and I was escorted up to stand beside them. All the Japanese women who approached them curtsied, and then, to my astonishment, curtsied in my direction, too. They only did it while I was standing on the matting with the Princesses. The mere physical proximity to their venerated royalties caused me to become, for the time it lasted, an object of respect. It was a real "magic."”
  • 18:00 Return to Hotel (帰館)
  • 19:00 Japanese style dinner at Koyokan hosted by Tokyo Chamber of Commerce, including music, dance and acting) (東京実業団体ノ主催ニ係ル紅葉館ノ日本風晩餐会 (大小歌妓ノ手踊リ及ヒ舊俳優ノ演劇))
  • 23:30 Return to hotel (帰館)

July 28: Tokyo; train to Kyoto

“The peace conference at Portsmouth was about to begin. Not only the Government, but the man in the street as well was interested in and friendly to the Americans. Crowds followed us everywhere. I have never seen a denser and more enthusiastic crowd than that which packed the open spaces around the station, the night we left Tokio, in the light of thousands of paper lanterns. They cheered when the American Secretary of War went out on the balcony to wave good-by—they cheered the daughter of the American President when she appeared—and then they cheered us all over again. There is no sound like the Japanese "Banzai." "Dai Nippon Dai Koku" (at least that is the way the first part comes to my memory; I think it means "Japan, a thousand years, America a thousand years.") "Banzai, Banzai, Banzai." There are teeth behind the barking roar of "Banzai.”
  • 12:00 Luncheon at Korakuen hosted by Minister of War. Tour of Arsenal (後楽園ニ於ケル陸軍大臣主催ノ午餐会 砲兵工廠内参観)
“At one garden party, there was an exhibition of Japanese wrestling, the wrestlers huge, fat, brown men as big as Secretary Taft himself. I don't think we really appreciated the fine points of their slow heaving performance. We lunched with Prince and Princess Fushimi; we dined with Count Katsura, Minister of Foreign Affairs; we met Count Matsukata and Count Inouye. We went to a dinner given by the bankers and businessmen of Tokio, at the Maple Club; a Japanese dinner, sitting on cushions on the floor at tiny low tables. It was perfectly comfortable for me, as I have always been able to sit like a Buddha for hours at a time, but other members of the party were cramped and uncomfortable when they managed to get to their feet again; perhaps from sitting cross-legged, but also, perhaps from generous draughts of sake.” “The day we left we lunched with the Minister of War and Mrs. Teraouchi at the Gardens of the Tokio Arsenal. There was the usual series of speeches and toasts, but when it came the turn of Marquis Ito, instead of speaking he chanted a little poem he had written for the occasion. The theme was the distance our party had come and the pleasure it gave the Japanese to have us among them. If it was singing, it was in a key and a pitch that was weird to our western ears. The fine old statesman was very impressive, standing there intoning in that strange sing-song, with almost impassioned earnestness.”
  • 16:00 Return to Hotel (帰館)
  • 19:30 Dinner at Shiba palace (invitation of Central Tea Producers Council) (晩餐 芝離宮←中央茶業組合の招待)
  • 21:00 Left Shiba (離宮出門)
  • 21:20 Shinbashi Station (新橋停車場着)
  • 21:30 Leave Shinbashi Station (special cars ordered by Ministry of Foreign Affairs) (発車 (外務省による特別仕立))
  • Welcomed at Hiranuma, Numazu, Shizuoka, Hamamatsu, Nagoya, Gift, etc. (平沼、沼津、静岡、浜松、名古屋、岐阜などで歓迎 細工物若しくは土地の物産の贈進)

July 29: Kyoto

“On the way to Kobi to meet the steamer, we stopped in Kioto, where, even though it was July, the Cherry Blossom Festival performance was put on for us.”
  • 11:00 Arrive Kyoto (京都着)
  • 14:00 Kyoto Imperial Palace, Nijo Imperial Villa, (Kawashima Textile?) (京都御所、二條離宮、川島織物 (刺繍クッション))
  • 18:30 Return to Hotel (帰館)
  • 19:00 Dinner (晩餐会)
  • 20:30 City hosted dance presentation (市ノ催セル都踊ヲ観覧ス)
  • 22:45 Return to Hotel (帰館)

July 30: Kyoto to Kobe

  • 10:00 Tour of Chion’in, Gion, Kiyomizudera (知恩院、祇園清水辺ヲ縦覧)
  • 12:00 Return to Hotel (帰館
  • 12:30 Lunch at Hotel (午餐 (ホテル))
  • 14:50 Kyoto station, travel to Osaka (京都発車 大坂停車場ニテ)
  • 16:50 Arrive in Kobe, American Consulate (神戸着 米国領事館 )
  • 18:30 Aboard the Manchuria. (マンチュリア号に乗込ム 接待員四名始メ其他ノ人々ヘ晩餐ヲ饗セリ)
  • 22:20 Anchors up, leaving to Nagasaki (抜錨 長崎へ)
“Then we steamed through the Inland Sea, greeted by fireworks set off from launches and sampans when we reached the Straits of Shimonoseki, to land at Nagasaki for a day of more entertainment. From the moment we landed in Yokohama we were accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Nagasiki and the Count and Countess Terashima, who looked after us and saw that we had everything we wanted. No people have ever been treated with greater consideration and kindliness than we were by the Japanese, not only Mr. Taft and myself, but the entire party. I was in Japan only a week at that time, and saw far more of people than of sights. Fortunately, I went back for a longer stay on the way home.”
  • August 1: Moji, Nagasaki

Philippines

August 1-5: Nagasaki to Manila

August 5-13: Manila

“At last we reached Manila. We were met by Governor Wright and his daughter, with whom we were to stay, and drove up with them to Malacafian Palace, in victorias drawn by scuttling native ponies. After all my youthful wishes to live at Malacafian, I found it a little disappointing. It did not have for me the charm of the Spanish-American houses—the huge sombre palace in Havana and the Fortaleza in San Juan, though I liked my big, cool, dim lit room, where lizards of all sizes and shapes rustled about the walls and ceilings and the galleries looking out on the Passig River. Then began a continuous activity of entertainment and sight-seeing; an official reception at the Government Building; a parade in which 10,000 passed the reviewing stand—troops, organizations, floats with scenes representing native industries; many other receptions, and dances, at some of which I wore the charming mestizo, costume and danced the rigadon. As I remember it, the rigadon was a sort of lancers or quadrille. Secretary Taft, very light on his feet, danced in it, too. We went to Cavite, and on trips to nearby places. Though it was the hottest period of the tropic summer, we were up and out and doing even in the noon heat when all sensible residents of the tropics were taking their siestas. And hot it was. At the reception at Malacanan, I stood for hours with the Wrights and Mr. Taft, all of us literally dripping, while we shook hands with the hundreds of guests.” “The Filipinos seemed united in their pleasure at seeing again the Secretary of War, their ex-Governor-General. He was greeted by everyone on all sides with extraordinary enthusiasm and affection and they laid themselves out to entertain him and his party. No one could have helped responding to their courtesy and hospitality.”

August 11: Visit to Bacoor & Cavite

August 12: Train to Malolos

August 13: Depart from Manila on ship Logan through the islands

“After perhaps a week or ten days in Manila, we all embarked on a transport for a tour of the islands. The party was augmented by many of the Manila officials, and their families, among others Ann and Marjorie Ide, the daughters of the Vice-Governor. Those two were romantic figures. Both extraordinarily good looking, their early childhood had been spent in Samoa, and they had come to Manila soon after we occupied the Philippines, "in the days of the Empire." Ann was the child to whom Robert Louis Stevenson gave his birthday, as hers was on Christmas Day, so she got only one set of presents. They were amazingly pretty girls, with a train of admirers in tow. We went from island to island, landing, meeting the Governor of the Province and the Mayor of the town.” “There was always a "banquet" at which there were speeches—the long-drawn, same, inevitable speeches. After the first few occasions of this sort, I began to get frightfully bored. The local head official would speak in Spanish; Mr. Ferguson, the interpreter, would bellow it paragraph by paragraph in English. Mr. Taft would reply in English and the interpreter would repeat his performance, this time in Spanish. He always stood directly back of and between Mr. Taft and me, and my eardrums ached. Most of the food on these occasions came from Manila and, as cold-storage facilities were meagre, it was usually in a state of melt and trickle; and the ants would get wind of it. I would see an investigating ant and would then arrange a trail of moist "dulces," to point the way to the feast. That was one of the things Mr. Taft remonstrated with me about. He did not want the feelings of our hosts to be hurt. Neither did I, so that diversion had to cease. A plaint of his from time to time, was, "Alice, I think I ought to know if you are engaged to Nick, to which my reply was, "More or less, Mr. Secretary, more or less"; and that ended that.”

August 14: Iloilo

August 15: Parro, Molo

August 16: Bacolod

August 17: Zamboanga

August 18: Jolo

“When we got to Jolo, the whole day was sheer comic opera, too like George Ade's musical comedy, "The Sultan of Sulu," to be real; Mr. Taft, enormous in white duck; General Corbin, looking curiously like the Colonel in the show; I, the leading lady in bright red linen dress decorated with white shamrocks outlined with black, and a red parasol and hat. The rest of the party were well in the role too; the Congressmen and their wives; the Army and Navy officers; the two Ide sisters, Juliette Williams and others, quite as pretty as any chorus girls.” “Mr. Taft and I leading, the party marched up the little wharf between rows of native constabulary in trig uniforms, though barefooted, to be met and greeted by an assorted collection of Datos and tribesmen, among them the Sultan of Sulu. The Sultan and the other Moro chieftains, wiry, savage looking, little Malays, were in their best costumes; jackets seeded with pearls or beads, silk shirts of crude colors fastened at the neck with jewelled pins in gold settings; trousers of striped or slashed silk held on around the waist by heavy silk sashes, through which were stuck bolos with elaborate hilts; and of course turbans.” “We were escorted to the parade grounds, to a rather shaky grandstand that looked as if it were made of bamboo, to look at native dances and sham battles and bull fights. For the bull "fights" two bulls or two carabaos, I should say domesticated and certainly reluctant, were led in by ropes attached to rings in their noses. They were hauled and pushed towards one another and after bumping heads for a moment would pull apart whereat their drivers would urge them together again. The Sultan presented me with a pearl ring, and he and some of the Datos gave me a loose pearl or two. I was also given a Bogobo, Moro costume, a really charming costume of skirt, little jacket, and a barrel-like girdle hung with bells. There were thousands of Moros from the neighboring islands as well as from Jolo. The palms and the ocean were like a drop scene. One felt as though a highly colored stage setting had suddenly become real.”

August 19: Celebes Sea (?)

August 20 - 21: Across Mindanao from Malabang to Camp Overton

“So far as I recollect we had only one day of good honest exercise uninterrupted by feasting and speeches during the entire southern trip. That was when we landed at Malabang and went up the trail to Lake Lanao to spend the night at Camp Keithly, and drop down to Camp Overton the following morning. It was my first opportunity to use the side-saddle, only to find that the girths would not fit any of the animals provided; so there and then it was discarded, and I rode the trail on an Army saddle, my habit very much in the way. After that I always rode cross saddles. Quite a number of us rode; others, including the Secretary, were shaken to pieces in Army wagons. I do not see how Mr. Taft endured it. He was so heavy, and must have been so hot and uncomfortable. But he never lost his smile and his good humor.”

August 22: Cebu

August 24: Tacloban

August 25: Legazpi

August 26: Sorsogon

August 27-29: Sail back to Manila

August 30: Manila

“Before leaving the Philippines, we returned to Manila for a few days of good-by parties. That time we stayed with Commissioner Lagardo. I had a great big room, in one corner of which a little staircase led down most unexpectedly through a square hole in the floor. Out of that opening at odd hours of the day and night, small Filipino heads would suddenly pop up like prairie dogs, look at me with much interest and then disappear again.”

August 31 – September 2: Sail for Hong Kong

Hong Kong

September 2 - 6: Hong Kong

“We then boarded the transport for the trip to Hong Kong. Sir Mathew Nathan was the British Governor and we called on him at Government House, on top of the Peak that overlooks the city and from which one sees far across the harbor, the country beyond looking like a raised map in a geography book. We also dined there with him, going afterward to a ball at the Hong Kong Club.”
(中文)

"然后,我们乘船去香港旅行。马修森爵士是英国总督,我们在香港礼宾府拜访他,在维多利亚山顶之上可以俯瞰整个城市并从中看到远在的港口,港口之外看起来像一张地理书中凸起的地图。我们还在那里跟他吃饭,后来又去了香港会所跳舞。"

“We went to the gay little racetrack, where the riders were mounted on native ponies. Besides the regular races they had a gymkhana, egg-and-spoon races, and the like, including a riksha-race in which I took part seated in a riksha.”
(中文)

"我们有点兴奋地去了赛马场,那里的骑手都骑在本地小马上。除了常规的比赛,他们有一个马术比赛,手掌托着調羹內有雞蛋的赛跑比赛等,包括瑞克夏比赛,其中我參與了一个瑞克夏就位。"

Guangzhou

September 3: Guangzhou

“Canton at that moment was going through a period of violent anti-American feeling. Only the men of the party would be allowed to land there, the women were not even to be permitted to go up the river. However, I met an officer in command of an American gun-boat who said that he would take us, and, on condition that we did not go on shore at Canton proper. Mr. Taft said, 'Yes.'”
(中文)

"那時广州正经历一个强烈的反美情绪阶段。只有一群男人被允许从香港去广东登陆,女人们甚至不被允许去到河边。不过,我遇到一位美国炮舰的指挥官,他说他将带我们去广州,但条件是我们不能在广州上岸。塔夫特先生说,"是的。"

“We spent the day with Consul-General and Mrs. Lay on the island of Shaneen where our Consulate is. It is separated from Canton by a canal, across which we gazed at the narrow crowded streets of the great Chinese city. Only an occasional coolie on the opposite bank shook his fist at us. Later we heard of lampoons that had been circulated in Canton, in which I was pictured seated in a chair carried by four turtles. The meaning of the writing around the picture was said to be very rude indeed. It seems that in China to call one a turtle or to associate one's name with a turtle is the equivalent of making a reflection upon one's ancestry. We were told that the authors of the pamphlet would be executed. So I had to intercede for them, to ask for mercy which I believe was granted."”
(中文)

"我们在我们的领事馆那里与总领事和莱夫人在沙面岛上度过了一天,这里被一条运河由广州相隔,穿过运河我们凝望中国伟大的城市——狭窄拥挤的街道。只是偶尔,对岸的苦力朝我们挥了挥拳头。后来我们听说有个宣传广告曾经在广州流传,其中我在图片里坐在一把椅子上被四个乌龟抬着。图片周围的文字所说的意思的确是非常粗鲁。看来,在中国叫人家乌龟或将一个人的名字与龟关联等于是在骂这个人的祖先。我们被告知,这张广告的作者会被处决。所以我只好替他们祈求,请求饶命,我相信这是理所当然的。"

Beijing

September 6 – 11: Voyage to Tianjin

September 11: Anchor at Dagu

September 12: Arrival at Tianjin, train to Beijing

“Mr. Taft and the majority of the party sailed for home from Hong Kong. Those who stayed behind including among others the Newlands, Nick, Mabel, Amy, Gillet, Bourke Cockran, General and Mrs. Corbin, and myself, continued up the coast on the transport, sailing through the Yellow Sea, on our way to Tientsin where we landed and went directly to Pekin.”
(中文)

"来自香港的塔夫特先生及旅行团的大部分人都了回家。那些留下来的其中包括纽兰兹、尼克、美宝、艾米、吉莱、伯克•考科让、将军及科尔宾夫人,和我,继续在海岸商船上航行穿过黄海,我们一路去了天津在那里靠岸,并直接去北京。"

“In Peking I stayed with Mr. and Mrs. Rockhill in the Chinese house that was then the American Legation. Mr. Rockhill was a great Chinese student and lover of China. In the past he had gone far into Tibet disguised as a Chinese. Though he was very tall and of an almost washed-out fairness, he had somehow grown to look curiously Chinese; one felt that China had gotten into his blood; that if he let his mustache grow and pulled it down at the corners in a long thin twist, and wore Chinese clothes, he could have passed for a serene expounder, whether of the precepts of Lao-Tze or Confucius, I do not know. The Legation building was just inside the high thick walls of the city, its rooms opening upon a courtyard where we dined the night that we arrived, and after dinner watched a Chinese magician do remarkable tricks by the light of the lanterns that hung from the trees.”
(中文)

"在北京,我和美国驻华大使柔克义夫妇一起住在中國式建筑的美国大使馆里。柔克义大使热爱中國,曾努力学习中文。过去,他曾经假扮成中国人到遥远的西藏去访问。尽管他很高且几乎脸色苍白,但不知怎么的,就长得很像中国人。有人甚至觉得,他对于中国的爱好,也许已经深入骨子里了。如果柔克义先生把胡子给留长成一缕,再穿戴中国的服饰,他可能会被当成是一个尊貴的学者,我猜想,可能是道家或者是儒家。使館座落在有着高耸围墙的北京城內,所有的房间都正对着里头的庭院。我們抵达北京的那天,就是在庭院里吃的晚餐。晚餐後,在滿树的灯笼下,我們观赏了中國魔术师神乎其技的戏法。"

September 13: Beijing

“The next morning we drove out in rickshas to the Temple of Heaven. I had been reading Marco Polo, and his description of the road between the Temple of Heaven and Pekin might have been written the day that we were there; the same shifting, hurrying crowd, the same street sounds, the same beggars, the same smells.”
(中文)

"隔天早上,我們搭乘人力車前往天坛参观。我之前曾读过马可波罗的书,他那些有关天坛附近大路的敘述,跟我們現在所見到的完全一样,仿佛是我們抵达那天才写成似的。同样匆匆忙忙、來來去去的人群、街道吵吵杂杂的声音、穷困潦倒的乞丐,还有这城市从未改变过的味道。"

“That afternoon we left for the summer palace, some fourteen miles outside the walls of Pekin at the foot of the western hills, I in a chair carried by four bearers.”
(中文)

"那天下午,我们动身前往在西山山腳下的頤和园, 距离北京城外约十四英里。我坐在由四个轿夫抬着的软轿里。"

“The Rockhills, Newlands, Mabel, Amy, and I spent the night in Prince Ching's palace. The Chinese palaces are like all other Chinese houses, a series of one-storied halls built around a courtyard, each hall divided by partitions into three rooms. I was given a whole hall; my bed in one of the side rooms, smaller and lower ceilinged than the centre room. Dinner in the courtyard was alternate courses of European and Chinese food. I ate only the Chinese which I liked enormously, particularly the sharks fins, and washed it down with rose wine. The rose wine was delicious, something like sake or a very smooth liqueur, and very strong. How strong it was I had no idea until dinner was nearly over. We had had a long day sightseeing and meeting people and getting out to the summer palace and had decided that it would be a good plan to go to bed directly after dinner in order to be rested for the ceremonies the following morning which were to begin at an early hour.”
(中文)

"柔克义夫妇、纽兰兹、美宝、艾米 和我在庆亲王府中住了一宿。这座王府象所有其他中国的房子,都是一层楼的四面廂房包围中央的庭院,四面的廂房各自隔成了三个房间。我被分到一整个廂房,我的床铺在其中的一个边间里,和中间的主房相比,这个边间的空间比较小,屋頂也比较低矮。我們中西合璧的晚餐选在中庭进行,但是我只吃了我所喜爱的中国食物,尤其是吃了魚翅喝着玫瑰露。玫瑰露是一種入口滑順、味道甜而芳香的酒,但是它很象日本的米酒, 容易上口、非常浓烈。然而,我一直到晚餐快結束的时候,才真正了解玫瑰露的后劲有多強。我们今天花了很多时间去拜访各个景点和拜会各方人士,也走了一大段路來到頤和园。而且,明天一大早就要动身前往參加拜会的仪式,所以我們认为,应该在晚餐之后直接回房休息。"

“As we sat at the table talking, I began to realize that rose wine was indeed powerful and that to walk a straight line across that courtyard to my rooms was going to be difficult. The faces of the others swayed in the light of the lanterns and when I spoke I could hear my own voice very far away and was very careful to enunciate very, very distinctly. Then I wanted to laugh at the thought of my father's daughter, spending the night in the summer palace of the Empress Dowager and completely uncertain of being able to navigate accurately. I recollect the feeling of pleased surprise that I was actually able to stand up, the meticulously said "good nights," the determined concentration on the point that I had to make—the door of my hall that seemed a world's length away. But I got there, and I don't believe anyone but I was aware that I was literally intoxicated by rose wine. Before dinner I had looked at the hard Chinese pillow with distaste, the long, solid apology for a pillow that felt more like a log of wood. That didn't bother me now. I fell onto that bed and there I slept without moving until seven o'clock the next morning when we had to get ready for our audience; and, of course, I never felt better.”
(中文)

"当我们还在餐桌上闲聊的时候,我才发觉玫瑰露的強大后劲,我想,要直接穿过中庭回到我的房间,似乎有一点困难。其他人的面孔在灯笼的光线中搖曳晃荡。当我说话的时候,我的声音仿佛从很远的地方传过來似的,所以我必须非常小心。我想笑我自己,一个总统的女兒喝醉了酒,在慈禧太后的頤和园里住了一晚上,但卻沒办法知道自己该走哪条路回房間。我回忆当时心中的惊喜,我居然能夠站起來,一絲不苟的向众人道过晚安。也回忆起当时我告诉自己一定得集中注意力的决心,我的房门好像是隔著一整个世界那么远。但是,我居然回到了我的房间,而且我相信,除了我之外,在场沒有其他人发觉我居然被玫瑰露給灌醉了。晚餐前,我曾经隔著一段距离看到那个中国枕头,硬梆梆长得像是一条木樁,完全不像是个枕头。然而,对于现在的我來说,卻是一丁点兒影响都沒有。我倒在床铺上,完全沒翻身的沉沉睡去。隔天早上七点,我神清起爽的起床梳洗,准备觐见仪式。"

September 14: Beijing, audience with the imperial court

“The audience with the Dowager Empress took place at eight o'clock. The other members of the party had to drive out from Pekin, all dressed in their best clothes, soon after dawn. We were led to a room where everyone was provided with a cake of scented soap, a bottle of perfume, and a basin, but no water, with which to make ourselves pristine for the ceremony, while a number of officials, amahs, and eunuchs hovered solicitously around us. Finally we were escorted to the hall where the audience was to take place.”
(中文)

"觐见慈禧太后的仪式八点开始。其他的觐见团成员在黎明时分就得着裝完毕从北京城出发。我门被帶到一个房间里,忙碌殷勤的官員、女官、太監围绕着我们,发給每个觐见团成员一块香皂,一瓶香水,还有一个沒裝水的脸盆,这些东西是要让我们每个人都能夠香噴噴的去觐见慈禧太后。最后,我们被前呼后拥着走向举办觐见仪式的大厅。"

“The Empress Tsz'e Hsi ranks with Catherine of Russia and Elizabeth of England, with the Egyptian Queens Hatshepsut and Cleopatra, as one of the great women rulers in history. She came of a Manchu family and was brought in her early youth to the court of Hien-feng, and soon became his favorite concubine. She was promoted from that position to be secondary wife to the Emperor. The principal Empress was childless, and when Hien-feng died, he left the throne to T'ung-chi, his son by Tsz'e Hsi. T'ung-chi died in boyhood, and the Dowager Empress selected, as his successor, Kwang-su, a nephew of Hien-feng, whose mother was her sister. While Emperors came and went, regardless of who was on the throne, Tsz'e Hsi ruled.”
(中文)

"慈禧太后与俄国的凱薩琳女皇,英國的伊丽莎白女王,埃及的哈特謝普苏特女法老以及克利奧佩托拉女王同属在历史上有名的女王。她來自一个滿州的家庭,年轻的时候就入了宮,很快的就成为咸丰皇帝最宠爱的后宮嫔妃,后来又被晋升为贵妃。 咸丰皇帝驾崩的时候,正宮皇后沒有子祀,皇位传給了由慈禧所出的儿子——同治皇帝。然而,同治皇帝少年时因病过世,慈禧太后挑选了咸丰皇帝的侄儿,同时也是她妹妹所生的光緒皇帝继位。皇帝们来来去去,不管是谁在位,主政的都是慈禧太后。"

“The character and power of the Empress were palpable, and though at the time we met her she was over seventy, one felt her charm. She by no means looked her age; her small, brilliant, black eyes were alert and piercing; they and her rather cruel, thin mouth, turned up at one corner, drooping a little at the other, made her face vivid and memorable.”
(한국어)

"태후의 성품과 영향력은 쉽게 알 수 있었으며, 당시 70세가 넘은 나이임에도 매력을 느낄 수 있었다. 어떻게 보아도 그 나이로 보이지 않았으며 작고 맑게 빛나는 검은 눈은 기민하고 날카로웠다. 그 눈과 다소 모질게 보이는 얇은 입술은 한쪽은 살짝 올라가고 다른 쪽은 조금 내려가 그녀의 얼굴을 활기차고 기억하기 쉽게 만들어 주었다."

(中文)

"慈禧太后的个性及权力仍然是很明显的,就算我們觐见她的时候,她已经是个七十多岁的老妇了,但是我们依旧能感受到她的魅力。慈禧太后看起來一点都不像是七十岁的样子,她細小漆黑但是闪耀着机敏与洞察力的睿智双眼,搭配上她那一边朝上扬,一边卻有点兒下垂、有點兒冷酷的薄嘴唇,使她的面孔显得非常鮮明且难以忘怀。"

(日本語)

「皇后のお人柄とお力は明白で、私たちがお会いしたとき 70 歳を過ぎていらっしゃいましたが皇后の魅力が感じられました。実際のお年には見えず、小さく聡明な黒い瞳は機敏で鋭く、やや厳しさが感じられる薄い口の片側を上げ、反対側を少し下げておられ、これらの特徴により彼女の顔は鮮明に記憶に残るものになっています。」

“Our first sight of her was through the doorway of the Hall of Audience. She was seated on a throne several steps higher than the floor, very erect, one slim hand with its golden nail sheathes on the chair arm, the other in her lap. She wore a long loose Chinese coat covered with embroidery, strings of pearls and jade around her neck, her smooth black hair arranged in a high Manchu head-dress decorated with pearls and jade and artificial flowers. There were great pyramids of fruit on either side of her chair. Mrs. Rockhill presented me first; I curtsied, advanced a few steps, curtsied again, advanced a few more steps, and then curtsied for the third time in front of the throne. Then I stepped to one side and looked on while the rest of the party went through the same performance.”
(中文)

"我们第一次见到慈禧太后,是在觐见大厅的门口。她高高在上,端端正正的坐在离地几步高的王座上,一双戴着金指甲套的纤纤玉手分別放在王座的扶手与她的大腿上。慈禧太后身着一裘既长且寬、滿是刺绣的中国衣裳,一串又一串的珍珠和玉珮围绕在她的脖子上,她柔顺光滑的云鬓被挽进一顶裝饰着珍珠、美玉以及珠花的滿洲式头冠里。慈禧太后的宝座兩旁,摆放着由水果堆叠成的金字塔。柔克义夫人首先引见我,我先行了一個屈膝礼,向前走了几步,再行屈膝礼,再次向前,在慈禧太后的宝座前行了第三个屈膝礼。之后,我走向一边,看着其他所有人向慈禧太后行礼。"

“On the lowest step of the throne sat the Emperor, a man in his early thirties; limp and huddled, his mouth a little open, his eyes dull and wandering, no expression in his face. We were not presented to him. No attention was paid to him. He just sat there, looking vacantly about.”
(中文)

"约莫三十岁出头的光緒皇帝,松垮成一团的坐在宝座的最下层,嘴微微的开着,眼神恍惚呆滯,面无表情。我们並沒有被引见给他。他坐在那边,沒有人給予关注,他只是神情茫然的坐在那兒。"

“After the presentations were over, the ladies of the party were taken to lunch with the Empress of the East and the Empress of the West, the two principal wives of the Emperor, and a most delightful old Chinese princess. There was no interpreter, but our hostesses and their ladies kept up a continuous chatter, we talking busily in English with one another and at them. After lunch, when we wandered about the gardens, the Empress Dowager joined us. She gave us all presents, heavy gold bracelets and rings that were carried by an attendant who followed her around and handed us each particular gifts. "The old Buddha" talked to all of us in turn through an interpreter. Her conversation with me was the usual perfunctory formalities of such an occasion: the high esteem in which China held the United States, inquiries as to the health of my father, the hope that I was enjoying my visit.”
(中文)

"觐见仪式結束之后,使节团的女士们与兩宮皇后、兩位贵妃以及可爱的固伦長公主一起共进午餐。席间沒有翻译,但是我们的女主人还有其他的女士们一直保持話題不断,我们与她们忙碌的用英语聊着。午餐过后,我们在花园里漫步,慈禧太后也來加入我们。太后身后跟着一個女官,手里捧着各式各样的礼物,在太后的指示下,把特定的礼物递給我们每个人,其中包括了很重的黃金手镯以及耳环。"老佛爷"通过翻译,逐个的和我们每个人都讲了话。慈禧太后和我的谈话內容非常的拘谨官样,不外乎那些中国对美国的敬意,问候我父亲的身体健康,以及希望我在中国还玩得愉快之类的話。"

“The interpreter was Wu Ting Fang who had been Minister in Washington. He stood between us, a little to the side, but suddenly, as the conversation was going on, the Empress said something in a small savage voice, whereat he turned quite gray, and got down on all fours, his forehead touching the ground.”
(中文)

"我们的翻译官是驻美公使伍廷芳先生,之前曾在华府任职。他原本是站在太后和我之间的对边,但是谈话开始之后,太后突然间用兇猛的語气说了些什么,伍廷芳公使脸色大变,马上額头貼地的在太后面前跪了下來。"

“The Empress would speak; he would lift his head and say it in English to me; back would go his forehead to the ground while I spoke; up would come his head again while he said it in Chinese to the Empress; then back to the ground would go his forehead again. There was no clue to her reason for humiliating him before us.”
(中文)

"之后,当太后开始说话,伍廷芳公使就会抬起头用英语翻译給我听,当我讲话的时候,伍廷芳公使仍旧是額头貼地的跪着,然后再抬起头來翻译成中文給慈禧太后听。我实在是完全不懂为什么慈禧太后要当着我们的面这样羞辱他。"

“When I told Father about it he thought it might have been to show us that this man whom we accepted as an equal was to her no more than something to put her foot on—that is was a way of indicating that none of us either amounted to much more than that in her opinion. It was a curious experience to see the same man who enjoyed making blandly insolent remarks at the dinner parties in Washington and invidious comments on America in press interviews, kowtowing at one’s feet. One literally had the feeling that she might at any moment say, "Off with his head," and that off the head would go.”
(中文)

"当我告诉父亲这件事的时候,父亲认为慈禧太后是想要我们明白,美国政府虽然把伍廷芳公使视为平等,但是对于慈禧太后而言,伍廷芳什么都不是。換句话说,她其实也沒怎么把我们放在眼里。沒想到喜欢在华府晚宴上溫和的发表无礼的言论,以及会在记者会上严词批评美国的伍廷芳公使,現在居然在別人的脚边 跪地磕头。感觉起來,好像只要慈禧太后隨时开口說:拉出去砍头,他就会掉脑袋了。"

“She and her suite finally withdrew, and we wandered on through the gardens. The others were on foot, but I was given a chair, a yellow chair tasseled cushioned, in which I led the party, high on the shoulders of eight bearers and surrounded by chattering court officials and eunuchs through the lovely grounds of the summer palace, along garden walks, past ponds and pavilions, the yellow or green tiled roofs of the palace buildings and temples showing through the trees. There are few things lovelier than the sweep of a Chinese roof, the eaves painted in brilliant greens, blues, and vermillion, and often the eaves and roof ridge decorated with grotesque figures of dragons, phoenixes, and lion dogs.”
(中文)

"慈禧太后和她的随从終于离开了,而我们则继续在花园里漫步。其他人是步行的,而我卻被赏赐了一个有裝饰了流苏和靠墊的黃色软轿。在喋喋不休的官员以及太監环绕下,我坐在八个轿夫抬着的软轿上,领着所有人在优美的颐和园中穿梭,走过庭园中的步道,经过了好几个水池及涼亭,覆盖着黃色或綠色琉璃瓦的頤和园建筑以及庙宇在树影间若隐若现。很少有东西能和绵延不绝的中国式屋頂相媲美,屋簷上的藍色绿色以及朱砂色炫丽夺目,而且上头常常装饰奇形怪狀的龙凤形狀的雕刻,甚至还有獅子狗。"

“My bearers made a better pace than the rest of the party, and for a wile I was alone in the gardens of the summer palace, none but Chinese faces in sight. It was fantastic, incredible, Cathy of the old tales. I joined the others at the edge of the lake, at the big white marble summer house built in imitation of a Chinese junk, where we had tea and sweetmeats and an assortment of the very oldest eggs of all. I liked all the Chinese things that we were given to eat, even the antique eggs. Then, in little boats, we went down the canal towards Pekin.”
(中文)

"我的轿夫们走得比后面的觐见团员稍快一些,所以有一阵子我可以算是一个人在颐和园中独处,举目所見,只有中国面孔。这实在是一个令人难以置信、简直像是传说般的中国经验。我在湖边一座造型为中国平底船的雪白大理石避暑別墅中和其他人会合,我们在那儿喝茶吃蜜饯,搭配上非常老的皮蛋。我对于送上来的中国食物都非常喜爱,甚至是那个很老的皮蛋。最后,我们搭乘小船沿着运河回到北京。"

September 15-17: Winter Palace and Forbidden City

“The next morning two court officials came to the Legation and presented me with a little black dog sent by the Empress, and in the afternoon her photograph arrived. It is an excellent photograph, really like the "old Buddha." I thought so at the time when her face was fresh in my mind, and to look at it now, recalls vividly that day at the summer palace. A troop of cavalry clattered down the street to the Legation, surrounding an imperial yellow chair in which, by itself, was the photograph. It was in an ordinary occidental gilt frame, but the box that held it was lined and wrapped in imperial yellow brocades and the two officials were of much higher rank than those who brought the Pekinese.”
(한국어)

"다음 날 아침 두 명의 궁정 관리가 공관으로 찾아와 태후가 보낸 작은 검은색 강아지를 주었고 오후엔 사진이 도착했다. 매우 훌륭한 사진으로 '나이든 부처'와 많이 닮았다. 그 당시 그녀의 얼굴이 머릿속에서 생생했을 땐 그런 생각이 들었는데, 지금 다시 보니 그 여름날 궁전에서 보냈던 날이 또렷이 기억난다. 기병대 군사들이 덜커덕 소리를 내며 공관으로 와서 사진을 주었다. 서양식으로 금가루를 입힌 일반적인 액자였지만, 사진을 담은 상자는 황제의 노란색 비단으로 안을 대었고 겉은 비단에 싸여 있었으며, 그것을 전달한 두 관리도 강아지를 데려왔던 사람들보다 훨씬 계급이 높았다."

(中文)

"隔天早上,有兩位官员到美国大使馆呈上了慈禧太后送給我的一只小黑狗,当天下午,慈禧太后的照片就送到了。这是一祯照得很好的相片,很能夠传达"老佛爷"的神韵。我看着照片,那天在頤和园的景况就生动的回到我的脑海里。一整队的骑兵敲罗打鼓的来到美国大使馆,他們团团围绕着一把威严的黃椅子,椅子上头放着慈禧太后的照片。鍍金的相框是非常的西式,但是裝着相片的箱子卻是衬垫 包裹着宮廷专用的黃色錦缎,负责运送相片的那二位官员的层級,甚至比呈送北京狗的官员们还要大上好几级。"

(日本語)

「翌朝、2 人の皇室関係者が公使館に来て、皇后から贈られた黒い小犬を私にくださいました。そして午後には皇后のお写真が届きました。それは見事な写真で、本当に「晩年の仏陀」のようでした。私は彼女のお顔が心に鮮明に残っていたあのときにそう思い、今見ると夏の皇居でのあの日を鮮明に思い出します。騎兵隊がインペリアル イエローの椅子かごを囲みながら、公使館に続く道を音を立ててやって来ました。かごの中には写真がありました。写真は普通の西洋風な金のフレームに入っていましたが、収められていた箱は裏地が付きインペリアル イエローの錦織で包まれており、2 人の皇室関係者はペキニーズ犬を連れてきた関係者よりもずっと地位の高い方々でした。」

“We dined at the German Legation and met, I should think, most of the foreigners in Pekin. Indeed, we saw so many people that there was little time during our brief visit for sightseeing, though I did get to the yellow Lama Temple beyond the walls, and we were also taken to the Forbidden City.”
(中文)

"我们一行人在德国大使馆享用晚餐,我想,我大概见到了所有目前在北京的外国人吧。要见的人实在是太多了,而我们停留在北京的时间卻实在是太有限了。尽管如此,我还是去参观城墙后头的黃色喇嘛寺(雍和宮),也有机会进入紫禁城里面。"

“As the court was not there, it amounted to much more than going through a museum. I would have given a great deal to have stayed longer in Pekin. I wanted to go to the Great Wall and the Ming tombs. I wanted to take a temple for the summer in the western hills. I made a vow to go back every two years—and I have never been back. If I should go, I know that it would be unbelievably changed.”
(中文)

"虽然宮廷現在並沒有设在那儿,但是卻仍然让我有种走进一座博物馆的感觉。真希望我能夠在北京多停留些时间。我想去看看万里长城,还有北京附近的明代十三陵,我也想在北京西山上的寺庙里头过夏天。我对自己许下一个誓言,每隔兩年我一定要到北京来玩一趟,但是这輩子我却再也沒回去过。我相信,如果再回到北京的话,那儿一定发生了令人难以置信的改变。"

September 18: Tianjin Dinner with Yuan Shi-kai

“We left Pekin to spend a night at Tientsin and dine with Yuan Shi-Kai, Viceroy of Chi-li, in the Viceroy’s yamen. I sat between him and his wife, and we were told that it was the first time that she had been allowed to meet foreigners. Yuan Shi-kai had less poise than other Chinese dignitaries that we had met; he seemed almost fidgety. Perhaps it was because his wife’s notion of being a "perfect hostess" was to take the food on her plate, taste it, and then put it on my, a performance that the Viceroy put an end to in a rather menacing voice. An old family friend, Baron Speck Sternberg, who was German Ambassador in Washington while Father was President, had been in China during the Chinese-Japanese War and knew Yuan Shi-kai at that time. I recollect hearing him say that Yuan Shi-kai was almost the only Chinese that he had never encountered who lacked physical courage, or the indifference to personal fate that amounts to the same thing. Whether that was so or not, he was an agreeable dinner companion. Though conversation was again through an interpreter, it was easy and interesting, on all sorts of topics. He was a modern, interested in civil service reform, education, and particularly in bringing the army to a higher degree of efficiency.”
(中文)

"离开北京之后,我们一行人在天津待了一晚,直录总督袁世凱在直录省衙们设宴款待我們。我坐在袁世凱以及他夫人的中間,有人告诉我们,这是她第一次被允許接见外国客人。和其他我们所见过的中国达官显要相比,袁世凱少了一些风度,甚至可以说是有点坐立不安。也许是因为他的夫人想要尽力做一个完美的女主人,所以她把食物放到自己的盘子里,尝过味道之后,再放进我的盘子里。结果,这样的女主人作风最后被袁世凱用威嚇的语气給制止了。巴润 •史必克•斯地薄格先生與我們家是世交,在我父親還是總統的時候,他正在华府担任德国驻美大使。在中日甲午战争爆发的时候,他正巧在中国,並且认识了袁世凱。我回忆起他曾经说过,袁世凱应该是他所遇过唯一怕痛怕死、或者說只在乎自个儿命运的中国人 。不管怎样,至少在晚宴上,他是一个使人愉快的朋友。虽然我们仍然要通过翻译官來交谈,但是这番多元话題的谈话既轻松而且有意思多了。袁世凱是一个滿具現代化思想的人,对于文管体制的改良、教育,尤其是对于如何打造一个高效能的新式军队等事务特別感兴趣。"

“His own command, the fifty or sixty thousand troops of the Chi-li Province, was trained by foreign officers and was a well set up competent force.”
(中文)

"他拥有一个约有五六万人的直录省部队,这一支精兵队伍就是由外国的军官所训练出來的。"

Korea

September 19: Battleship Ohio to Chemulpo; train to Seoul; palanquin to legation

“We sailed the next morning on the battle ship Ohio for Chemulpo where Edward Morgan, our Minister, his secretary, Willard Straight, and a number of Korean officials met us and took us on a special train up to Seoul.” “The streets of Seoul were crowded with white-robed Koreans and lined with the Imperial Body Guard. An imperial yellow chair was provided to take me from the station to the Legation escorted by men carrying lanterns on long poles. Our passage was heralded by the bugles of the troops. Mrs. Newkands and I stayed at the Legation, the others at a sort of guest house of the palace, on the other side of the compound wall.” “Korea, reluctant and helpless, was sliding into the grasp of Japan. The whole people looked sad and dejected, all strength seemed to have been drained from them. Everywhere there were Japanese officers and troops, militant and workmanlike; a contrast to the poor abject Koreans.”

September 20: Lunch with Emperor at Palace

“The Emperor and his son, who became the last Emporer, led a furtive existence in their palace alongside our Legation. A few days after we arrived, we lunched with them there in the European part of the building. We were received in an upstairs room, and then the squat Emperor did not give me his arm, but took mine, and together we went in a hurried wobble down a very narrow staircase to an unnoteworthy, smallish dining room.”
(한국어)

"황제와 마지막 황제가 된 그의 아들은 우리 공관 근처의 궁궐에서 남의 눈을 피해 생활했다. 우리가 도착하고 며칠 후에 궁궐 내 유럽식으로 꾸민 장소에서 함께 점심을 먹었다. 우리는 위층에 있는 방으로 안내받았다. 그리고 키가 작은 황제는 자신의 팔은 내주지 않은 채 내 팔을 잡았고 같이 서둘러 비틀거리며 매우 좁은 계단을 내려가 평범하고 냄새나는 식당으로 들어갔다."

(中文)

"皇帝和他的儿子,也就是末代皇帝,在我们的公使馆旁边的宫殿里过着谨慎的生活。在我们到达几天后,我们在那座宫殿的欧式建筑里与他们共进午餐。他们在楼上的一个房间里接待了我们,然后矮胖的皇帝没有让我挽着他的胳膊,而是挽着我的胳膊,我们一起匆忙地、摇摇摆摆地走下狭窄的楼梯,来到一间稍小的、不起眼的餐厅。"

(日本語)

「皇帝と清朝最後の皇帝となったその息子は、我が国の公使館のそばにある宮廷に隠れて暮らしていました。私たちが到着して数日後、その建物のヨーロッパの部分で彼らと昼食をとりました。私たちは上の部屋で迎えられた後、小さく筋肉質な皇帝は腕を差し出しませんでしたが私の腕を取り、急いでふらつきながら非常に狭い階段を一緒に降りて特筆すべきもののない小さめのダイニングルームに行きました。」

“We had Korean food, served in Korean dishes and bowls ornamented with the imperial crest. Those I used were afterwards presented to me, and at a farewell audience, the Emperor and Crown Prince each gave me his photograph. They were two rather pathetic, stolid figures with very little imperial existence ahead of them.”
(한국어)

"우린 황실 문양으로 장식한 조선 접시와 그릇에 담긴 조선 음식을 먹었다. 내가 사용했던 물건은 내게 선물로 주었고 작별 인사에서 황제와 황태자는 각각 자신의 사진을 주었다. 그들은 황족이라는 존재감도 이제 얼마 남지 않았으며 다소 측은하게 별다른 반응 없이 멍하게 지냈다."

(中文)

"我们享用了韩国料理,这些料理盛在装饰着皇冠的韩式餐盘和碗里。我用过的那些精美餐具后来都送给了我,在告别时,皇帝和太子各给了我一张自己的照片。他们是两个可悲又麻木的人,在他们面前我感觉不到帝王的存在。"

(日本語)

「私たちは、王朝の紋章で飾られた韓国風の皿と椀で給仕された韓国料理を食べました。私が使った食器は後で贈られ、お別れの謁見の際に皇帝と皇太子はそれぞれご自分の写真をくださいました。彼らの先には王朝はあとわずかしか存続できず、やや哀れを誘う、無反応な様子のお二人の姿でした。」

September 22: Garden Party by Prince Yii at old East Palace.

September 23: Luncheon by Hayashi, the Japanese minister; dinner by German Minister

September 24: Attend athletic school boy activies by Japanese education committtee

“The Korean and Japanese officials entertained us industriously, but as Seoul was a small place and we were all of ten days there, official parties finally ceased, and we began to feel like old residents. We rode nearly every afternoon getting home at dusk; the mountains sharp black against the western sky. I don’t think the native ponies liked foreigners; they frequently tried to bite us as we mounted. I recollect one that seemed to have a particular aversion to me. First making sure that it was securely held by its groom, I would stand about ten feet off and make a face at it. The pony would respond by laying back its ears, baring its yellow teeth, and struggling to shake off the groom in its effort to get me at me. By the time I left Korea, I was more than fed up with official entertaining, with being treated, one might say, as a "temporary royalty." Of course, it meant opportunities to see and do things that others didn’t have, and I managed to have an extremely good time between official moments and even at them. It was an interesting and fascinating experience, but how real royalty can stand it, in season and out, is hard to imagine.”

Train to Daegu

“We went by train down the Korean peninsula, Edward Morgan taking a number of his Chinese boys to look after us and to cook delicious meals in the baggage car. The road had been damaged by recent rains, so instead of going through in a day, we spent the night at Taiku at the Presbyterian Mission. Someone had spilled a whiskey and soda on me, and as I got off the train with my small black dog under my arm, my cigarette case as usual dropped spilling its contents at the missionaries’ feet. So I arrived in an atmosphere of alcohol and tobacco which was though deplorable, considering who our hosts were to be. But I do not think they minded in the least. They were exceptionally nice, interested in everything that was going on.”

Return Trip

Japanese boat from Pusan to Shimonoseki

October 5: Canadian Mail Steamer to Yokohama

“We took a Japanese boat from Fusan to Shimonoseki where we boarded a Canadian Mail steamer to go through the inland sea and around to Yokohama. We stayed again with the Griscomes in Tokio, and this time saw much more of Japan than on our former visit. We went to Kamakura to see the great Buddha; to Chiuzenji, and to Nikko to see the temples and mausolea of the Shoguns, where in shoeless feet, we were taken in to the innermost sacred shrines. We walked on the beach at Enoshima, where the young man went into the sea for what he thought was a day, but when he came out he was old and crumbled away in a puff of dust. We took our time, and I began to get the feeling that I wanted to get, of the Japan that I had known through the story of the Forty-seven Loyal Ronins and the Japanese fairy tales and pictures in small crinkly books, that I had had when a child.” “Since we had left Japan in July, the Treaty of Portsmouth had been signed, and Americans were about as unpopular as they had been popular before. I have never seen a more complete change. There was a story that bombs had been thrown at the Harriman party and we were told that if anyone asked, it would be advisable to say that we were English. The anti-American feeling, however, seemed to be confined to the populace. The officials were just as courteous and friendly as before, and when Mr. Harriman, who had been looking over the railroad situation in eastern Manchuria, arrived in Tokio with his family and guests, many entertainments were given for them. At one large garden party, the last of the Shoguns was produced; a very old gentleman in unbecoming occidental clothes, not at all what a Shogun should have looked like.”

October 5: Canadian Mail Steamer to Yokohama

  • 11:22 Leaving for Yokohama (横浜発)
  • 12:08 Ship arrival (大船着)
  • 12:20 Disembark (大船発)
  • 12:30 Arrival in Kamakura. Overnight at US embassy villa (鎌倉着 米国公使館別荘ニ一泊)

October 6

Plan to visit Miyanoshita in Hakone, but on account of rainy weather, return to Yokohama (箱根宮ノ下訪問予定が雨天ノ為横浜に帰ル)

October 7

Stay in Yokohama (Oriental Hotel) (横浜滞在 (オリエンタルホテル))

October 8

  • 06:10 Leave Yokohama (横浜発)
  • 07:07 Arrive in Shinbashi (新橋着)
  • Breakfast at Tsukiji Seiyoken (築地精養軒ニテ朝食)
  • 09:00 Leave from Ueno (上野発)
  • 13:50 Arrive in Nikko (日光着)

October 9

  • Round trip to Chugushi in Chuzenji (中宮祠 (中禅寺)往返)
  • Lunch at Lakeside Hotel (レーキサイドホテル昼食

October 10

  • 08:54 Leave Nikko. Lunch on the train (日光発 汽車中ニテ午餐)
  • 14:30 Arrive at Ueno (上野着)
  • Did not return to Yokohama. Night at the Embassy (横浜には戻らず 公使館泊 )

October 11

  • 11:30 From Shinbashi Alice leaves for Yokohama by Train (新橋発汽車ニテアリス嬢帰浜)

October 12

  • Sightseeing, Shopping (市内遊覧、買物)

October 13

  • Going out in the morning (午前中 外出)
  • 12:30 Lunch at Oriental Hotel Annex (午餐 (オリエンタルホテル別館))
  • 14:00 Depart Hotel (ホテル出立)
  • 15:25 Return to US by SS Siberia (サイベリア号にて帰国の途に)

October 23: Arrival in San Francisco

“At last we started for home on the Siberia with Mr. and Mrs. Harriman and their party. E. H. Harriman was one of the big railroad and financial figures of our time. His daughter, Mary, was my particular friend in the family; but though I saw him when I stayed with her, and of course daily on the trip home, I never felt that I knew him at all. He was a small, brown, taciturn man who never seemed to play. He gave the impression that what he did and made others do was never just "for fun," was always practical.”


The Freer|Sackler is closed for renovation and reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Join us for our reopening celebration on October 14–15, 2017.