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Worlds within Worlds

The Mughal empire extended from 1526 to 1857. To reflect the focus of the exhibition and website, this dynastic tree extends from Timur, the founder of the Timurid dynasty, through the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan.

Timur

Timur

(d.1405)

Miran Shah

(d. 1408)

Sultan Muhammad

Abu Sa'id

(d. 1469)

Umar Shaykh

(d.1494)
Babur

Babur

(1483–1530) (r. 1526–30)
Humayun

Humayun

(1508–1556)
(r. 1530–40 and 1555–56)
Akbar

Akbar

(1542–1605) (r. 1556–1605)
Jahangir

Jahangir

(1569–1627) (r. 1605–27)
Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan

(1592–1666) (r. 1627–58)

Hamida Banu Begum

Hamida Banu Begum

married to Humayun

Nur Jahan Begum

Nur Jahan Begum

married to Jahangir (d. 1645)
Mumtaz Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal

married to Shah Jahan
(d. 1631)

Asaf Khan

Asaf Khan

brother of Nur Jahan Begum, father of Mumtaz Mahal
(d. 1641)


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Please note: The Freer Gallery of Art will be closed to the public from January 2016 until summer 2017. The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Library, and Archives will remain open for the duration of the renovation. Learn more »