Smithsonian Freer Gallery Sackler Gallery National Museum of Asian Art Gallery Guide Art of Buddhism
Zen Buddhism developed a fresh impetus when the Mongol conquest of China in the thirteenth century caused Chinese Zen monks to emigrate to Japan. The newly ascendant Japanese warrior class was attracted to the stark, rigorous aspects of Zen, which emphasized teachings transmitted from master to disciple rather than a dependence on texts or iconography. Nevertheless, important Zen-inspired imagery, particularly monochrome ink paintings, became an important element in Japanese artistic culture.

This is the final page about the Art of Buddhism in Japan.

Bodhidharma  
 
Fugai Ekun, 1568-1654
 
Japanese, Edo period (1615 - 1868), 17th c. 
Ink on paper 
Overall: 121.7 cm H x 66.1 cm W (with Jiku) (48 11/16 x 26)  Image: 39.9 cm h x 50.9 cm W (15 11/16 x 20 1/16) 
Gift of Peggy and Richard M. Danziger in honor of Dr. Kurt and Alice Gitter
The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and the Freer Gallery of Art
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