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Star tile with phoenix

Type
Tile (star tile)
Historical period(s)
Il-Khanid period, 1270s
Medium
Stone-paste painted under and over turquoise (copper-tinted) glaze, with gold leaf
Dimension(s)
H x W x D: 20.9 x 21.3 x 2 cm (8 1/4 x 8 3/8 x 13/16 in)
Geography
Iran, Takht-i Sulayman
Credit Line
Gift of Osborne and Gratia Hauge
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1997.114
Label
In the Islamic world, ceramics makers emphasized brightly colored glazes and intricate designs to animate relatively simple shapes and architectural tiles. Drawing on a variety of decorative sources, they continually expanded and refined their repertoire of calligraphic, abstract, and figurative motifs. Some of the designs, such as the soaring phoenix on this fourteenth-century turquoise molded tile, reflect Iran's contacts with other artistic traditions, in particular China. Such "exotic" motifs became an integral part of the Persian visual language and were skillfully adapted to satisfy local taste and aesthetic preferences.
Label
The production of glazed tiles used in architecture reached new levels of refinement during the rule of the Mongol Il-khanids in Iran (1256-1353). This molded, eight-pointed star tile, turquoise, with gold leaf applied over glaze to lend a glistening effect, is associated with the fourteenth-century palace of Takht-i Sulayman, located in northwestern Iran. Its design of a soaring phoenix is inspired by Chinese models, which became an integral part of fourteenth-century Persian visual language.
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Architectural Element, Ceramic
Keyword(s)
Il-Khanid dynasty (1256 - 1353), Iran, phoenix, WWII-era provenance
Collection(s) Area
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum






As renovation work continues in the Freer Gallery, the Sackler Gallery also will close on July 10, 2017. This museum-wide closure will allow us to completely reinstall our exhibitions and revitalize features to improve your visit. Both spaces will reopen on October 14, 2017, when we will welcome the public back to the Freer|Sackler: two galleries, one destination. For your safety, all visitors will have their bags checked. See the complete list of restricted items and bag sizes.