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: Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha (Jijang bosal)

Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha (Jijang bosal)

Hanging scroll
Historical period(s)
Late Goryeo period, Late 13th or early 14th century
Ink, color and gold on silk
H x W (overall): 200.7 x 72.4 cm (79 x 28 1/2 in) H x W (painting): 107.6 x 49.4 cm (42 3/8 x 19 7/16 in)
Credit Line
Anonymous gift
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
The Buddhist diety known in Korean as Jijang, or in Sanskrit as Kshitigarbha, was a bodhisattva (enlightened being) revered for his merciful deliverance of living beings from the world of suffering. He was also believed to have the power to rescue those who were unjustly sentenced to hell.

Jijang is customarily portrayed, as in this painting, wearing the garments of a Buddhist monk. His sacred status is represented by a circular halo and the lotus-shaped pedestals on which he stands. In his left hand he holds a staff with six rings, which would announce, through their distinctive sound, the presence of a Buddhist priest; in his right hand he holds a circular gem, which has the power to grant wishes.

Korean Buddhist paintings reached a peak of refinement under the patronage of the kings of the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392). The richness and elegance typical of Koryo Buddhist paintings can be seen in Jijang's ornate robes, which are embellished with delicate patterns painted in gold.

Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
Buddhism, Goryeo period (918 - 1392), Ji-jang, Korea, WWII-era provenance
Collection(s) Area
Korean Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is closed for renovation and reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Join us for our reopening celebration on October 14–15, 2017.