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: Self-portrait presented to Wang Jiyuan

Self-portrait presented to Wang Jiyuan

Type
Hanging scroll
Maker(s)
Artist: Zhang Daqian 張大千 (China, 1899-1983)
Historical period(s)
Modern period, 1965
Medium
Ink on paper
Dimension(s)
H x W (image): 59.3 x 44.5 cm (23 3/8 x 17 1/2 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of the Estate of Wang Chi-yuan
Collection
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
S1991.154
Label
In China, self-portraiture was little practiced before the modern era. Chang Dai-chien, arguably China's most brilliant twentieth-century artist, raised the genre's profile by painting at least one hundred self-portraits. Perhaps he liked self-portraiture because he was so comfortable being the center of attention, but he also saw its value as a tool for self-promotion. In everyday life, he dressed like his favorite eleventh-century poet and while still young he grew an old man's "long beard" in order to be noticed.

By the time Chang painted this image at the age of sixty-six, his reputation for giving away self-portraits was legendary. Since he almost always complied with friends' requests, many of his late portraits are quick and casual. Chang graced this one with a poem to his artist-friend Wang Chi-yuan (Wang Ji Yuan; 1895-1975), which recognizes how portraits bring near those who are distant:

My years look toward seventy and you're already there,
Matched as mortar and pestle, friends for forty years . . .
I've drawn my dusty visage to hang on your study wall,
That we whitebeards may see each other and take cheer.

Translation by Stephen D. Allee

Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Keyword(s)
artist, China, Modern period (1912 - present), poems, self portrait
Collection(s) Area
Chinese Art

Rights Statement
Copyright with artist






We are excited to reopen the Freer in October 2017, following a renovation to allow us to better present our art and serve our visitors. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC. For your safety, all visitors will have their bags checked. See the complete list of restricted items and bag sizes.