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: The Buddha Shakyamuni with the bodhisattvas Samantabhadra and Manjushri

The Buddha Shakyamuni with the bodhisattvas Samantabhadra and Manjushri

Hanging scroll
Historical period(s)
Kamakura period, 14th century
Ink, color, and gold on silk.
H x W (image): 114.7 x 51.8 cm (45 3/16 x 20 3/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
In this painting created for Buddhist worship, Shakyamuni, the Historical Buddha, sits on a throne. To the left and right are his two principal attendants: the bodhisattvas (enlightened beings) Manjushri (Japanese: Monju bosatsu), who rides a lion and holds a scepter, and Samatabhadra (Japanese: Fugen bosatsu), who rides a six-tusked elephant and holds a lotus. Two guardian attendants stand below the deities, whose divine status is signified by their circular emanations of light. A specialist has used kirigane, a Japanese technique employing fine patterns of cut gold leaf, to embellish the Buddha s robes. This painting follows a standard composition for Buddhist icons, with the principal figure at center and subordinate figures positioned symmetrically and in smaller scale. Sculptures on Buddhist altars also were placed in symmetrical and hierarchical arrangements.

From early 1950s to 2007
Mr. and Mrs. Victor Hauge [1]

From 2007
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Mr. and Mrs. Victor Hauge in 2007


[1] Acquisition Consideration Report. Acquired in Japan in the early 1950s.

Former owner
Mr. and Mrs. Victor Hauge (American (Victor died 2013, Takako died 2015))
On View Location
Currently not on view
Buddha, Buddhism, elephant, Japan, kakemono, Kamakura period (1185 - 1333), lion, lotus, Manjushri, Samantabhadra, Shakyamuni, throne
Collection(s) Area
Japanese Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer is closed for renovation and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.