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interior: Phiale with inscription

Phiale with inscription

Type
Phiale
Historical period(s)
Achaemenid period, Reign of Artaxerxes I, 499-400 BCE
Medium
Silver
Dimension(s)
H x Diam (overall): 4.8 x 29.5 cm (1 7/8 x 11 5/8 in)
Geography
Iran
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1974.30
Label
On the rim of this bowl is an inscription in Old Persian cuneiform, which names the Achaemenid Persian king Artaxerxes I (reigned 465-425 B.C.E.). The inscription has been translated as: "Artaxerxes the Great King, King of Kings, King of Countries, son of Xerxes the King, of Xerxes [who was] son of Darius the king; in whose royal house this silver saucer was made." Shallow bowls of this form, used for drinking wine, were made from various materials, including metal, glass, and ceramic. Royal vessels made of precious metal, like this one, were versatile forms of wealth; they could serve as royal tableware, be stored in the treasury, or be given away as gifts.
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Vessel
Keyword(s)
Achaemenid period (ca. 550 - 331 BCE), chasing, engraving, hammering, Iran, repousse
Collection(s) Area
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum






The Freer is closed for renovation and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.