View right to left
: Plum Blossoms

Plum Blossoms

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)
Artist: Jin Nong (1687-1763)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1760
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 130.2 x 28.2 cm (51 1/4 x 11 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
The branches of a plum tree jut vertically into space, dotted with black patches of lichen and spangled with pale gray and delicate pink blossoms. Jin Nong was a leading calligrapher and painter of his times and is often included among a group of highly individualized artists known as the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou, after the wealthy commercial city in Jiangsu Province where they made their living. Echoing the thrust of the branches, the lengthy inscription at upper left is written in Jin's usual blockish style of calligraphy, a blend of standard script and clerical script, which he derived in part from the study of ancient stone-carved texts from the Han dynasty (206 b.c.e.-220 c.e.). Jin Nong opens his inscription with three lines from a poem he had written five years earlier for a friend who had recently taken a new concubine. In Chinese literature, plum blossoms have a long association with feminine beauty and often appear in strongly sensual or romantic contexts. Highly satisfied with these lines, Jin inscribed them again on this work, which he painted for another friend. According to his inscription, he used actual eyebrow darkener and rouge for his colors. The text is dated January 20, a time when the flowers of the winter-blooming plum tree are usually at their peak.Joseph Chang, Associate Curator of Chinese Artwith translations by Stephen D. Allee, Research Specialist From an exhibition label for "Three Friends of Winter: Pine, Plum and Bamboo in Chinese Painting" 8/12/01 - 2/3/02
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
China, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), WWII-era provenance
Collection(s) Area
Chinese Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is closed for renovation and reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Join us for our reopening celebration on October 14–15, 2017.