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: Folio of calligraphy

one of set: 10254 one of set: 10255 one of set: 10543 one of set: 10544 one of set: 10545 one of set: 10546 one of set: 10547 one of set: 10554 one of set: 10246 one of set: 10247 one of set: 10248 one of set: 10249 one of set: 10250 one of set: 10251 one of set: 10252

Folio of calligraphy

Detached manuscript folio
Artist: Mir Ali Haravi (died ca. 1550)
Historical period(s)
Safavid or Mughal periods, 16th century
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
H x W: 17.1 x 9.2 cm (6 3/4 x 3 5/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
Detached album folio; verso: calligraphy panel, quatrain by Hafiz; Persian in black nasta'liq script; signature in the bottom cloud band; recto: Emperor Shah Jahan standing on a globe; inscriptions in Persian black nasta'liq script; one of a group of 16 folios.
Border: The calligraphy panel is set in an inner frame of cartouches with calligraphy and a pink floral scroll outer frame mounted on paperboard with illuminated floral motifs. The painting is set in a pink, floral scroll inner frame and a gold outer frame mounted on paperboard with illuminated floral motifs.

Amal Hashim. Tarikh dovom Jamadi al-thani ruz doshanbeh seneh 38 shabih tayar shoud.

"Work of Hashim. On the second of Jumada II, day Monday, year 1038, the portrait was executed."

Elahi to in shah darvish dost
ke asayesh khalgh dar zel-i oost
basi bar sar-i khalgh payandeh dar
betofigh ta'at delash zehdeh dar

"Oh God, keep this king, the friend of the dervishes
under whose shadow people's peaceful existance is maintained
keep him for a long time [established over the people]
keep his heart alive by the succor of obedience."

Inscriptions in the parasol: top: God is great; In the large circle below (as well as can be deciphered): [Persian] The victorious hero Shah Jahan [?] Muhammad lord of felicity; in the shining star from right to left in circles: genealogy of Shah Jahan back to Timur (Padeshah Akbar, Padeshah Humayun, Babur, Umar Shayk, Sultan Abu Said, Sultan Mirza Mahmud, Mira Shah, Shahib qaran Amir Taymur.

On the bottom cloud band: Faghir Mir Ali; "poor Mir Ali."

This quatrain by the celebrated Persian poet, Hafiz (died 1209) is written in nastaliq, a script developed in late fifteenth-century Iran. Because of its simple elegance and legibility, nastaliq became the ideal script for transcribing poetry in Iran, India, and Turkey, where Persian literary culture prevailed. The calligraphy is signed by the most celebrated sixteenth-century Persian calligrapher, Mir Ali, whose work was greatly admired and avidly collected in Mughal India. To accentuate the beauty of Mir Ali's script, Mughal patrons would often add lavish floral motifs to the calligraphy.
Provenance information is currently unavailable
On View Location
Currently not on view
illumination, Iran, nasta'liq script, Safavid period (1501 - 1722), WWII-era provenance
Collection(s) Area
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is currently closed for renovations, updates, and gallery reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Please join us for our weekend-long reopening celebration on October 14 and 15, 2017.