Sheep and Goat 二羊圖
- Artist: Zhao Mengfu 趙孟頫 (1254-1322)
- Historical period(s)
- Yuan dynasty, ca. 1300
- Ink on paper
- H x W (image): 25.2 x 48.7 cm (9 15/16 x 19 3/16 in)
- Credit Line
- Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Accession Number
- Zhao Mengfu was the preeminent painter and calligrapher of the early Yuan dynasty (12791368), and one of the most versatile and subtle artists in the Chinese tradition. Balanced in mood and posture, the two animals turn their heads back toward each other to create an open but unified composition. In his inscription at the left of the painting, Zhao Mengfu states his motivation for creating this work: "I have painted horses before, but have never painted sheep [or goats]. So when Zhongxin requested a painting, I playfully drew these for him from life. Though I cannot get close to the ancient masters, I have managed somewhat to capture their essential spirit."
The seals of several Ming and Qing dynasty collectors, especially those of the Qianlong emperor (reigned 173595), who once owned the scroll, are applied over much of the remaining paper. Borrowing vocabulary from an ancient poem about sheep, the emperor also provided the title frontispiece at right, which reads: "Divine likeness [of sheep] in motion and repose."
To learn more about this and similar objects, visit Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.
Fukushima Company, New York, New York 1931 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Fukushima Company, New York, New York in 1931 
 Object file, undated folder sheet note.
 See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.
- Former owner
- Fukushima Company
- On View Location
- Currently not on view
- Collection(s) Area
- Chinese Art
- Rights Statement
- Copyright with museum