View right to left
verso: Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5 recto: Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5

Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5

Detached manuscript folio
Historical period(s)
Abbasid period, 11th century
Ink, color and gold on paper
H x W: 22.8 x 18.2 cm (9 x 7 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Shams (the Sun) 91:14,15, recto begins with "fa'aqaru"; verso: Sura al-Layl (the Night) 92:1-5, verso begins with "bismillah"; Arabic in black "eastern kufic (New Style)" script; illuminated roundel verse markers with letters indicating types of recitation; marginal medallions, illuminated palmette marginal medallion containing the word "khamsa" (five) indicating the end of a fifth verse; illuminated square-shaped marginal medallion containing the word "makkiyya"; illuminated rectangular title heading, vocalized in red, diacritics in gold, tashdid and sukun in blue; one column; 5 lines of text.

To 1929
Kirkor Minassian, New York to 1929 [1]

From 1929
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York in 1929 [2]


[1] Object file, undated folder sheet note.

[2] See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

Former owner
Kirkor Minassian (1874 - 1944)
On View Location
Currently not on view
Abbasid period (750 - 1258), eastern kufic script, Iran, Islam, Qur'an, sura 91, sura 92
Collection(s) Area
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

As renovation work continues in the Freer Gallery, the Sackler Gallery also will close on July 10, 2017. This museum-wide closure will allow us to completely reinstall our exhibitions and revitalize features to improve your visit. Both spaces will reopen on October 14, 2017, when we will welcome the public back to the Freer|Sackler: two galleries, one destination. For your safety, all visitors will have their bags checked. See the complete list of restricted items and bag sizes.