View right to left
verso: Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5 recto: Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5

Folio from a Qur'an, sura 91:14-15; sura 92:1-5

Detached manuscript folio
Historical period(s)
Abbasid period, 11th century
Ink, color and gold on paper
H x W: 22.8 x 18.2 cm (9 x 7 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Shams (the Sun) 91:14,15, recto begins with "fa'aqaru"; verso: Sura al-Layl (the Night) 92:1-5, verso begins with "bismillah"; Arabic in black "eastern kufic (New Style)" script; illuminated roundel verse markers with letters indicating types of recitation; marginal medallions, illuminated palmette marginal medallion containing the word "khamsa" (five) indicating the end of a fifth verse; illuminated square-shaped marginal medallion containing the word "makkiyya"; illuminated rectangular title heading, vocalized in red, diacritics in gold, tashdid and sukun in blue; one column; 5 lines of text.

To 1929
Kirkor Minassian, New York to 1929 [1]

From 1929
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York in 1929 [2]


[1] Object file, undated folder sheet note.

[2] See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

Former owner
Kirkor Minassian (1874 - 1944)
On View Location
Currently not on view
Abbasid period (750 - 1258), eastern kufic script, Iran, Islam, Qur'an, sura 91, sura 92
Collection(s) Area
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is currently closed for renovations, updates, and gallery reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Please join us for our weekend-long reopening celebration on October 14 and 15, 2017.