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: Axe (fu 斧) : Axe (fu 斧)

see also: 9298

Axe (fu 斧)

Ceremonial object
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 10 × 12.3 × 0.8 cm (3 15/16 × 4 13/16 × 5/16 in) Diam (hole): 2.2 cm (7/8 in)
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
Implement; axe head shape, of the type fu 斧 or yueh [yue] 鉞; slightly rounded blade edge, large circular perforation bored from both sides leaving median ridge, semicircular boring with median ridge on upper edge; mottled, translucent, bluish green and russet browns, reverse has profuse earth incrustations. (Corners chipped.)

Acquired with an inscribed box, now lost.

To 1917
Lee Van Ching (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lee Van Ching, in New York, in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1153, pg. 263, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Voucher No. 18, December 1916.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Former owner
Lee Van Ching 李文卿 (C.L. Freer source) (ca. 1869 - 1931)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Collection(s) Area
Chinese Art
Web Resource(s)
Jades for Life and Death, Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is closed for renovation and reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Join us for our reopening celebration on October 14–15, 2017.