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: The Heavenly Ladder: illustration from a Klimax manuscript

one of set: 4548

The Heavenly Ladder: illustration from a Klimax manuscript

Historical period(s)
Byzantine period, early 12th century
Color and slight gold on parchment
H x W: 15.6 x 13.2 cm (6 1/8 x 5 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number

The Monastery of St. John the Baptist, Constantinople (Istanbul) [1]

To 1909
Ali Arabi, Giza, Egypt, to 1909 [2]

From 1909 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ali Arabi, in Giza, in 1909 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record: "For a full discussion of the Freer 'Klimax' miniatures, see Charles R. Morey, 'East Christian Paintings in the Freer Collection,' New York, 1914, p. 17 ff; reproduced in color on pl. II; the same also on a single sheet stored with the original. For colophon, signature and dating, see especially pp. 26-29. Date and provenance are here given as 'about 1130, and their place of origin identified as the monastery of St. John the Baptist in Constantinople.'"

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, Biblical Mss. section, S.I. 1486-B, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Former owner
Monastery of St. John the Baptist
Ali Arabi (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
On View Location
Currently not on view
Byzantine Period (395 - 640), Christianity
Collection(s) Area
Ancient Near Eastern Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer|Sackler is currently closed for renovations, updates, and gallery reinstallation. The popular exhibition Turquoise Mountain: Artists Transforming Afghanistan is still on view in the International Gallery. (Enter through the Ripley Center.) Please join us for our weekend-long reopening celebration on October 14 and 15, 2017.