Two women seated on a terrace, surrounded by attendants and musicians
- Historical period(s)
- Mughal dynasty, Reign of Shah Jahan, ca. 1650
- Mughal Court
- Mughal School
- Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
- 23.2 x 17.8 cm
- Credit Line
- Gift of Charles Lang Freer
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Accession Number
- Since custom forbade highborn ladies of the imperial Mughal court from interacting with men outside their immediate family, the private outdoor spaces of palace gardens became ideal locations for women's entertainment and social intercourse. Paintings of such scenes became increasingly popular during the reign of Emperor Jahangir (reigned 1605-27) and may have been specifically commissioned by noblewomen, many of whom were powerful patrons of the arts. Some, like the Empress Nur Jahan (depicted in the painting to the right), were also garden designers.
This carefully observed composition presents a second walled palace garden in the distant landscape. It is located on the far side of the once silver, but now tarnished, river.
Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna (1839-1914), London, to 1907 
From 1907 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna in 1907 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original List of Persian and Indian Drawings, S.I. 1519, Miscellaneous section of Inventory, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owners
- Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna
- On View Location
- Currently not on view
- attendant, drum, garden, hookah, India, lute, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), music, picnic, Reign of Shah Jahan (1628 - 1658), smoking, woman
- Collection(s) Area
- South Asian and Himalayan Art
- Web Resource(s)
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
- Copyright with museum