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: Landscape: mountain and water; a figure under a plum tree

Landscape: mountain and water; a figure under a plum tree

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)
Historical period(s)
Joseon period or Ming dynasty, 16th-early 17th century
Ink on silk
H x W: 102.4 x 54.6 cm (40 5/16 x 21 1/2 in)
Korea or China
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
The theme of a scholar gazing into a mist-laden landscape reflects the influence of Chinese artists such as Ma Yuan and Hsia Kuei, who were active during the Southern Sung period (1127-1279). However, the attenuated composition, the dramatic contrast of light and dark ink washes and the bold faceting of the mountain peaks are features more closely related to the conservative Che School traditions that developed during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). The Korean artist intrepreted the earlier Chinese traditions as a suitable way to display his own technical ability.

To 1907
Unidentified owner, Tokyo, Japan, to 1907 [1]

From 1907 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased in Tokyo, Japan, from an unidentified owner in spring of 1907 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 546, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Former owner
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
On View Location
Currently not on view
China, Joseon period (1392 - 1910), Korea, landscape, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), mountain, plum blossom, tree, water
Collection(s) Area
Korean Art
Web Resource(s)
Google Cultural Institute

Rights Statement
Copyright with museum

The Freer is closed for renovation and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around DC.