Arrangement in White and Black
- Oil painting
- Artist: James McNeill Whistler (United States, 1834-1903)
- Historical period(s)
- ca. 1876
- Oil on canvas
- 191.4 x 90.9 cm
- United States
- Credit Line
- Gift of Charles Lang Freer
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Accession Number
- Whistler used musical titles for his paintings to direct attention away from the subject and toward the more transcendent elements of line and color. Yet, the presence of the sitter here is undeniable. The rhythm and spring of movement appear in every line of her body and throughout the folds of her gown. Painting his figure thinly, Whistler worked quickly with little or no alteration, a method resulting in a remarkably naturalistic work. It is the vibrant youth and beauty of Maud Franklinthe artist's longtime model and mistressthat endow the painting with its assertive and nonchalant charm.
Maud Franklin (1857-circa 1941) met Whistler when she was in her teens and Whistler in his forties. She lived with Whistler, bore him two daughters, and was his supportive partner during the most difficult years of his career. Delighting in Maud's grace, Whistler drew her in more than sixty works ranging from oils to lithographs. He showed her sleeping, sewing, reading, sick in bed, and in all her various moods and activities.
This painting, however, depicts her at her most vibrant, in a formfitting dress that reveals her pretty figure and light step. This apparent self-confidence would stand Maud in good stead when Whistler cast her off in 1888 in order to marry the widow of his friend, architect E.W. Godwin. She, however, went on to marry a rich New Yorker and thereafter lived a prosperous life in Paris and London.
Theodore Duret (1838-1927), Paris, to 1904 
From 1904 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Theodore Duret in June 1904 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Whistler List, Paintings, pg. 14, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Former owner
- C.L. Freer source: Theodore Duret (1838 - 1927)
- On View Location
- Currently not on view
- Collection(s) Area
- American Art
- Rights Statement
- Copyright with museum