Variations in Flesh Colour and Green - The Balcony
- Oil painting
- Artist: James McNeill Whistler (United States, 1834-1903)
- Historical period(s)
- 1864-1870; additions 1870-1879
- Oil on wood panel
- 94.2 x 82.0 cm
- United States
- Credit Line
- Gift of Charles Lang Freer
- Freer Gallery of Art
- Accession Number
- A pivotal work in Whistler’s oeuvre, this painting stands between his fanciful costume works such as Caprice in Purple and Gold and the more fully realized synthesis of Japanese art evident in the Nocturnes of the 1870s. English models dressed in kimonos pose on a balcony overlooking the river Thames and the industrial neighbourhood of Battersea on the opposite shore. The factory smokestacks are veiled in atmospheric mist, and the adjacent slag heap (a monument of industrial waste) evokes images of Mount Fuji by Japanese artists Utagawa Hiroshige and Katsushika Hokusai. Butterflies, a symbol of metamorphosis, link the foreground fantasy to the real world beyond the balcony. Beginning with this painting, Whistler signed his work with a butterfly instead of his name, thereby linking himself and Victorian London to imaginative visions of Japan.
G.G. Cavafy, purchased from the artist, James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903) 
H. Wunderlich & Co., New York, NY, to 1892 
From 1892 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from H. Wunderlich & Co. in 1892 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Curatorial Remarks 3 and 4, S. Hobbs, 1977, in the object record.
 See Original Whistler List, Etchings, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 2.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Former owner
- G. G. Cavafy
C.L. Freer source: H. Wunderlich & Co.
- On View Location
- Currently not on view
- Collection(s) Area
- American Art
- Rights Statement
- Copyright with museum