The Freer Gallery of Art
Plan your trip: The Freer is closed for renovation, allowing us to better present our art and serve our visitors, and reopening in 2017. The Sackler remains open and as dynamic as ever, with a full lineup of exhibitions and events both in the museum and around town.
When the Freer Gallery opened to the public in 1923 it became the first art museum on the Smithsonian campus. The Freer story, however, began in 1906, when Charles Lang Freer gave his collection of Asian and American art to the nation, a gift he had proposed to President Theodore Roosevelt a year before. By exploring the differences in arts from around the world, the Freer Gallery of Art would unite, in Freer's own words, "modern work with masterpieces of certain periods of high civilization harmonious in spiritual suggestion..."
The museum's galleries enable visitors to view American paintings from the Aesthetic Movement of the late nineteenth century, as well as the arts of China, Egypt, India and the Himalayas, Japan, Korea, and the Islamic world.
The Peacock Room
James McNeill Whistler titled his famed creation Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room, but its early life seemed to have more to do with peacocks than with harmony. The Peacock Room was originally a drawing room, designed by architect Thomas Jeckyll, in the home of British shipping magnate Frederick R. Leyland. It housed Leyland’s collection of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain as well as Whistler’s painting Princess from the Land of Porcelain. While Leyland was out of town, Whistler took it upon himself to redecorate the space, which left the owner a bit out of sorts and put an end to their friendship.
After Leyland’s death, Freer acquired the painting and then the Peacock Room, which he had installed in his Detroit home. It was subsequently installed in the Freer Gallery of Art, where it has captivated countless visitors who have come to see this famous, if not infamous, artwork.
Freer Gallery of ArtHistory and building
Charles Lang Freer
Arthur M. Sackler GalleryHistory and building
Arthur M. Sackler, Collector